In JoVE (1)
Articles by Arezoo Mohammadipoor in JoVE
Production and Administration of Therapeutic Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cell (MSC) Spheroids Primed in 3-D Cultures Under Xeno-free Conditions Joni H. Ylostalo1, Nikolay Bazhanov2, Arezoo Mohammadipoor3, Thomas J. Bartosh4 1Department of Biology, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor, 2Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, 3Multi-Organ Support Technology Task Area, U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research, 4Internal Medicine, Texas A&M University Health Science Center The therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) is well-documented, however the best method of preparing the cells for patients remains controversial. Herein, we communicate protocols to efficiently generate and administer therapeutic spherical aggregates or 'spheroids' of MSCs primed under xeno-free conditions for experimental and clinical applications.
Other articles by Arezoo Mohammadipoor on PubMed
Aggregation of Human Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSCs) into 3D Spheroids Enhances Their Antiinflammatory Properties Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Aug, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20643923 Previous reports suggested that culture as 3D aggregates or as spheroids can increase the therapeutic potential of the adult stem/progenitor cells referred to as mesenchymal stem cells or multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). Here we used a hanging drop protocol to prepare human MSCs (hMSCs) as spheroids that maximally expressed TNFalpha stimulated gene/protein 6 (TSG-6), the antiinflammatory protein that was expressed at high levels by hMSCs trapped in the lung after i.v. infusion and that largely explained the beneficial effects of hMSCs in mice with myocardial infarcts. The properties of spheroid hMSCs were found to depend critically on the culture conditions. Under optimal conditions for expression of TSG-6, the hMSCs also expressed high levels of stanniocalcin-1, a protein with both antiinflammatory and antiapoptotic properties. In addition, they expressed high levels of three anticancer proteins: IL-24, TNFalpha-related apoptosis inducing ligand, and CD82. The spheroid hMSCs were more effective than hMSCs from adherent monolayer cultures in suppressing inflammatory responses in a coculture system with LPS-activated macrophages and in a mouse model for peritonitis. In addition, the spheroid hMSCs were about one-fourth the volume of hMSCs from adherent cultures. Apparently as a result, larger numbers of the cells trafficked through the lung after i.v. infusion and were recovered in spleen, liver, kidney, and heart. The data suggest that spheroid hMSCs may be more effective than hMSCs from adherent cultures in therapies for diseases characterized by sterile tissue injury and unresolved inflammation and for some cancers that are sensitive to antiinflammatory agents.
Intraperitoneally Infused Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells Form Aggregates with Mouse Immune Cells and Attach to Peritoneal Organs Stem Cell Research & Therapy. Feb, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 26864573 Mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells (MSC) have shown beneficial effects in many models of disease in part by modulating excessive inflammatory and immune responses. Frequently the beneficial effects of MSC persist long after their disappearance from host tissues, suggesting that MSC interact with intermediate cells in the host that relay or amplify their effects. The cells have usually been injected intravenously, but beneficial effects have also been reported with intraperitoneal (IP) injection of MSC. However the fate of IP injection of MSC has not been examined.
Stanniocalcin-1 Attenuates Ischemic Cardiac Injury and Response of Differentiating Monocytes/macrophages to Inflammatory Stimuli Translational Research : the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine. Nov, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 27469269 Stanniocalcin-1 (STC-1) is a multifunctional glycoprotein with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Ischemic myocardial necrosis generates "danger" signals that perpetuate detrimental inflammatory reactions often involving monocyte recruitment and their subsequent differentiation into proinflammatory macrophages. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of recombinant STC-1 (rSTC-1) on monocyte phenotype and in a mouse model of myocardial infarction. Using an established protocol to differentiate human monocytes into macrophages, we demonstrated that rSTC-1 did not alter morphology of the differentiated cells, toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 expression, or expression of the myeloid cell marker CD11b. However, rSTC-1 treatment before differentiation attenuated the rise in the expression of CD14, a TLR4 coreceptor and pathogen sensor that propagates innate immune responses, and suppressed levels of inflammatory cytokines produced by the differentiated cells in response to the CD14-TLR4 ligand lipopolysaccharide. Moreover, rSTC-1 treatment reduced CD14 expression in monocytes stimulated with endogenous danger signals. Interestingly, the effects of rSTC-1 on CD14 expression were not reproduced by a superoxide dismutase mimetic. In mice with induced myocardial infarcts, intravenous administration of rSTC-1 decreased CD14 expression in the heart as well as levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha, C-X-C motif ligand 2, interleukin 1 beta, and myeloperoxidase. It also suppressed the formation of scar tissue while enhancing cardiac function. The data suggests that one of the beneficial effects of STC-1 might be attributed to suppression of CD14 on recruited monocytes and macrophages that limits their inflammatory response. STC-1 may be a promising therapy to protect the heart and other tissues from ischemic injury.