Other Publications (1)
Articles by Bruce Sutherland in JoVE
Determination of the Settling Rate of Clay/Cyanobacterial Floccules Tiffany Playter1, Kurt Konhauser1, George W. Owttrim2, Denise S. Whitford2, Tyler Warchola1, Cheryl Hodgson1,3, Aleksandra M. Mloszewska4, Bruce Sutherland1, J.-P. Zonneveld1, S. George Pemberton1, Murray K. Gingras1 1Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, 2Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, 3Department of Earth Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 4Earth Sciences Department, University of Toronto The interaction and sedimentation of the clay and bacterial cells within the marine realm, observed in natural environments, can be best investigated in a controlled lab environment. Here, we describe a detailed protocol, which outlines a novel method for measuring the sedimentation rate of clay and cyanobacterial floccules.
Other articles by Bruce Sutherland on PubMed
Sensory and Behavioral Responses of a Model Fish to Oil Sands Process-Affected Water with and Without Treatment Environmental Science & Technology. Jun, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28525709 If oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) is to be returned to the environment, a desire is that it not adversely affect aquatic life. We investigated whether a relevant model fish (rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss) could detect OSPW using its olfactory sense (smell) and whether exposure to it would result in behavioral changes. We also investigated whether ozonation of OSPW, which lowers the concentration of organic compounds attributed with toxicity (naphthenic acids), would ameliorate any observed adverse effects. We found that OSPW, regardless of ozonation, evoked olfactory tissue responses similar to those expected of natural odorants, suggesting that fish could smell OSPW. In 30 min OSPW exposures, olfactory responses to a food odorant and a pheromone were reduced to a similar degree by OSPW, again regardless of ozonation. However, olfactory responses returned within minutes of exposure cessation. In contrast, in longer (7 d) exposures, olfactory responses remained impaired, but not in fish that had received ozone-treated OSPW. In the behavioral assay, fish avoided an introduced plume of OSPW, and this response was not affected by ozonation. Taken together, our data suggest that fish smell OSPW, that they may use this sense to mount an avoidance response, and that, if they cannot avoid it, their sensory responses may be impaired, unless the OSPW has received some remediation.