In JoVE (1)
Articles by Eduard Rott in JoVE
Optimized Procedure for Determining the Adsorption of Phosphonates onto Granular Ferric Hydroxide using a Miniaturized Phosphorus Determination Method Eduard Rott1, Tobias Reinhardt1, Stephan Wasielewski1, Ellen Raith-Bausch1, Ralf Minke1 1Institute for Sanitary Engineering, Water Quality and Solid Waste Management, University of Stuttgart This paper introduces a procedure to investigate the adsorption of phosphonates onto iron-containing filter materials, particularly granular ferric hydroxide, with little effort and high reliability. In a buffered solution, the phosphonate is brought into contact with the adsorbent using a rotator and then analyzed via a miniaturized phosphorus determination method.
Other articles by Eduard Rott on PubMed
Removal of Phosphonates from Industrial Wastewater with UV/Fe, Fenton and UV/Fenton Treatment Water Research. | Pubmed ID: 28618359 Phosphonates are an important group of phosphorus-containing compounds due to their increasing industrial use and possible eutrophication potential. This study involves investigations into the methods UV/Fe, Fenton and UV/Fenton for their removal from a pure water matrix and industrial wastewaters. It could be shown that the degradability of phosphonates by UV/Fe (6 kWh/m) in pure water crucially depended on the pH and was higher the less phosphonate groups a phosphonate contains. The UV/Fe method is recommended in particular for the treatment of concentrates with nitrogen-free phosphonates, only little turbidity and a low content of organic compounds. Using Fenton reagent, the degradation of polyphosphonates was relatively weak in a pure water matrix (
Removal of Emerging Contaminants and Estrogenic Activity from Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent with UV/Chlorine and UV/H₂O₂ Advanced Oxidation Treatment at Pilot Scale International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. | Pubmed ID: 29735959 Effluent of a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) was treated on-site with the UV/chlorine (UV/HOCl) advanced oxidation process (AOP) using a pilot plant equipped with a medium pressure UV lamp with an adjustable performance of up to 1 kW. Results obtained from parallel experiments with the same pilot plant, where the state of the art UV/H₂O₂ AOP was applied, were compared regarding the removal of emerging contaminants (EC) and the formation of adsorbable organohalogens (AOX). Furthermore, the total estrogenic activity was measured in samples treated with the UV/chlorine AOP. At an energy consumption of 0.4 kWh/m³ (0.4 kW, 1 m³/h) and in a range of oxidant concentrations from 1 to 6 mg/L, the UV/chlorine AOP had a significantly higher EC removal yield than the UV/H₂O₂ AOP. With free available chlorine concentrations (FAC) in the UV chamber influent of at least 5 mg/L (11 mg/L of dosed Cl₂), the total estrogenic activity could be reduced by at least 97%. To achieve a certain concentration of FAC in the UV chamber influent, double to triple the amount of dosed Cl₂ was needed, resulting in AOX concentrations of up to 520 µg/L.
Organophosphonates: A Review on Environmental Relevance, Biodegradability and Removal in Wastewater Treatment Plants The Science of the Total Environment. | Pubmed ID: 29751423 The worldwide increasing consumption of the phosphonates 2-phosphonobutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylic acid [PBTC], 1-hydroxyethane 1,1-diphosphonic acid [HEDP], nitrilotris(methylene phosphonic acid) [NTMP], ethylenediamine tetra(methylene phosphonic acid) [EDTMP] and diethylenetriamine penta(methylene phosphonic acid) [DTPMP] over the past decades put phosphonates into focus of environmental scientists and agencies, as they are increasingly discussed in the context of various environmental problems. The hitherto difficult analysis of phosphonates contributed to the fact that very little is known about their concentrations and behavior in the environment. This work critically reviews the existing literature up to the year 2016 on the potential environmental relevance of phosphonates, their biotic and abiotic degradability, and their removal in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Accordingly, despite their stability against biological degradation, phosphonates can be removed with relatively high efficiency (>80%) in WWTPs operated with chemical phosphate precipitation. In the literature, however, to our knowledge, there is no information as to whether an enhanced biological phosphorus removal alone is sufficient for such high removal rates and whether the achievable phosphonate concentrations in effluents are sufficiently low to prevent eutrophication. It is currently expected that phosphonates, although being complexing agents, do not remobilize heavy metals from sediments in a significant amount since the phosphonate concentrations required for this (>50μg/L) are considerably higher than the concentrations determined in surface waters. Various publications also point out that phosphonates are harmless to a variety of aquatic organisms. Moreover, degradation products thereof such as N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine and aminomethylphosphonic acid are regarded as being particularly critical. Despite their high stability against biological degradation, phosphonates contribute to eutrophication due to abiotic degradation (mainly photolysis). Furthermore, the literature reports on the fact that phosphonates in high concentrations interfere with phosphate precipitation in WWTPs. Thus, it is recommended to remove phosphonates, in particular from industrial wastewaters, before discharging them into water bodies or WWTPs.