Articles by Evelyn King Fai Yim in JoVE
Composite Scaffolds of Interfacial Polyelectrolyte Fibers for Temporally Controlled Release of Biomolecules Marie Francene A. Cutiongco1, Benjamin Kim Kiat Teo2, Evelyn King Fai Yim1,2,3 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, National University of Singapore, 2Mechanobiology Institute, Singapore, National University of Singapore, 3Department of Surgery, National University of Singapore Scaffolds for tissue engineering need to recapitulate the complex biochemical and biophysical microenvironment of the cellular niche. Here, we show the use of interfacial polyelectrolyte complexation fibers as a platform to create composite, multi-component polymeric scaffolds with sustained biochemical release.
Other articles by Evelyn King Fai Yim on PubMed
Functional Reconstruction of Corneal Endothelium Using Nanotopography for Tissue-engineering Applications Acta Biomaterialia. Aug, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22522131 Dysfunction in the corneal endothelium, which controls the hydration and transparency of the cornea, is one of the common reasons for transplantation. A tissue-engineered corneal endothelium is of interest for corneal regeneration and for in vitro testing of ocular drugs. In the native environment, corneal endothelial cells interact with the nanotopography of the underlying Descemet's membrane. This study showed that nanotopography enhanced bovine corneal endothelial cell (BCEC) responses, creating a monolayer which resembled the healthy corneal endothelium. Topographies of different geometries were first tested to identify those that would elicit the most significant responses. A BCEC monolayer was then generated on both micro- and nanoscale pillars and wells. The BCEC monolayer cultured on topographies exhibited polygonal geometries with well-developed tight junction proteins. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that cells on pillars showed a higher density of microvilli, which was similar to native corneal endothelium. BCECs on nanopillars displayed a lower coefficient of variation of area (0.31) that was within the range of healthy corneal endothelium. More importantly, a BCEC monolayer cultured on nanopillars also had an enhanced Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase immunofluorescence expression, mRNA upregulation and a higher Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity. These results suggest that nanopillar substrate topography may provide relevant topographical cues, which could significantly enhance the formation and function of corneal endothelium.
Composite Pullulan-dextran Polysaccharide Scaffold with Interfacial Polyelectrolyte Complexation Fibers: a Platform with Enhanced Cell Interaction and Spatial Distribution Acta Biomaterialia. Oct, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24980061 Hydrogels are highly preferred in soft tissue engineering because they recapitulate the hydrated extracellular matrix. Naturally derived polysaccharides, like pullulan and dextran, are attractive materials with which to form hydrophilic polymeric networks due to their non-immunogenic and non-antigenic properties. However, their inherent hydrophilicity prevents adherent cell growth. In this study, we modified pullulan-dextran scaffolds with interfacial polyelectrolyte complexation (IPC) fibers to improve their ability to support adherent cell growth. We showed that the pullulan-dextran-IPC fiber composite scaffold laden with extracellular matrix protein has improved cell adhesion and proliferation compared to the plain polysaccharide scaffold. We also demonstrated the zero-order release kinetics of the biologics bovine serum albumin and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) incorporated in the composite scaffold. Lastly, we showed that the VEGF released from the composite scaffold retained its capacity to stimulate endothelial cell growth. The incorporation of IPC fibers in the pullulan-dextran hydrogel scaffold improved its functionality and biological activity, thus enhancing its potential in tissue engineering applications.
Organic Nanoparticles with Aggregation-induced Emission for Tracking Bone Marrow Stromal Cells in the Rat Ischemic Stroke Model Chemical Communications (Cambridge, England). Dec, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 25267167 Organic nanoparticles (NPs) with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) have been successfully used for tracking bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in rats with ischemic stroke, highlighting the great potential of such fluorescent NPs in understanding the fate of transplanted stem cells for cell-based therapies.