In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (1)
Articles by Hojong Kim in JoVE
Determination of Thermodynamic Properties of Alkaline Earth-liquid Metal Alloys Using the Electromotive Force Technique Thomas P. Nigl1, Nathan D. Smith1, Timothy Lichtenstein1, Jarrod Gesualdi1, Kuldeep Kumar1, Hojong Kim1 1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University This protocol describes the measurement of the electromotive force of alkaline-earth elements in liquid metal alloys at high temperatures (723-1,123 K) to determine their thermodynamic properties, including activity, partial molar entropy, partial molar enthalpy, and phase transition temperatures, over a wide composition range.
Other articles by Hojong Kim on PubMed
Calcium-based Multi-element Chemistry for Grid-scale Electrochemical Energy Storage Nature Communications. Mar, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 27001915 Calcium is an attractive material for the negative electrode in a rechargeable battery due to its low electronegativity (high cell voltage), double valence, earth abundance and low cost; however, the use of calcium has historically eluded researchers due to its high melting temperature, high reactivity and unfavorably high solubility in molten salts. Here we demonstrate a long-cycle-life calcium-metal-based rechargeable battery for grid-scale energy storage. By deploying a multi-cation binary electrolyte in concert with an alloyed negative electrode, calcium solubility in the electrolyte is suppressed and operating temperature is reduced. These chemical mitigation strategies also engage another element in energy storage reactions resulting in a multi-element battery. These initial results demonstrate how the synergistic effects of deploying multiple chemical mitigation strategies coupled with the relaxation of the requirement of a single itinerant ion can unlock calcium-based chemistries and produce a battery with enhanced performance.