In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (1)
Articles by Hung-Ming Lai in JoVE
Proofreading and DNA Repair Assay Using Single Nucleotide Extension and MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry Analysis Kang-Yi Su*1,2, Steven D. Goodman*3, Hung-Ming Lai1, Rong-Syuan Yen1, Wei-Yao Hu1, Wern-Cherng Cheng2, Liang-In Lin1,2, Ya-Chien Yang1,2, Woei-Horng Fang1,2 1Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences and Medical Biotechnology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, 3Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, Nationwide Children's Hospital and the Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University A non-labeled, non-radio-isotopic method for DNA polymerase proofreading and a DNA repair assay was developed by using high-resolution MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and a single nucleotide extension strategy. The assay proved to be very specific, simple, rapid, and easy to perform for proofreading and repair patches shorter than 9-nucleotides.
Other articles by Hung-Ming Lai on PubMed
Application of Single Nucleotide Extension and MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry in Proofreading and DNA Repair Assay DNA Repair. | Pubmed ID: 29223016 Proofreading and DNA repair are important factors in maintaining the high fidelity of genetic information during DNA replication. Herein, we designed a non-labeled and non-radio-isotopic simple method to measure proofreading. An oligonucleotide primer is annealed to a template DNA forming a mismatched site and is proofread by Klenow fragment of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I (pol I) in the presence of all four dideoxyribonucleotide triphosphates. The proofreading excision products and re-synthesis products of single nucleotide extension are subjected to MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS). The proofreading at the mismatched site is identified by the mass change of the primer. We examined proofreading of Klenow fragment with DNAs containing various base mismatches. Single mismatches at the primer terminus can be proofread efficiently. Internal single mismatches can also be proofread at different efficiencies, with the best correction for mismatches located 2-4-nucleotides from the primer terminus. For mismatches located 5-nucleotides from the primer terminus there was partial correction and extension. No significant proofreading was observed for mismatches located 6-9-nucleotides from the primer terminus. We also subjected primers containing 3' penultimate deoxyinosine (dI) lesions, which mimic endonuclease V nicked repair intermediates, to pol I repair assay. The results showed that T-I was a better substrate than G-I and A-I, however C-I was refractory to repair. The high resolution of MS results clearly demonstrated that all the penultimate T-I, G-I and A-I substrates had been excised last 2 dI-containing nucleotides by pol I before adding a correct ddNMP, however, pol I proofreading exonuclease tolerated the penultimate C-I mismatch allowing the primer to be extended by polymerase activity.