Articles by Ian Sorrell in JoVE
Hollow Fiber Bioreactors for In Vivo-like Mammalian Tissue Culture Michael P. Storm1, Ian Sorrell2, Rebecca Shipley3, Sophie Regan2, Kim A. Luetchford1, Jean Sathish2, Steven Webb4, Marianne J. Ellis1 1Department of Chemical Engineering and Centre for Regenerative Medicine, University of Bath, 2MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science and Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, 3Mechanical Engineering, University College London, 4Department of Applied Mathematics, Liverpool John Moores University The functional behavior of cells in culture can be improved by culturing in more in vivo-like 3-dimensional culture environments16-21. This manuscript describes the set-up and operation of a hollow fiber bioreactor system for in vivo-like mammalian tissue culture.
Other articles by Ian Sorrell on PubMed
The Evolution of Covert, Silent Infection As a Parasite Strategy Proceedings. Biological Sciences / The Royal Society. Jun, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19324776 Many parasites and pathogens cause silent/covert infections in addition to the more obvious infectious disease-causing pathology. Here, we consider how assumptions concerning superinfection, protection and seasonal host birth and transmission rates affect the evolution of such covert infections as a parasite strategy. Regardless of whether there is vertical infection or effects on sterility, overt infection is always disadvantageous in relatively constant host populations unless it provides protection from superinfection. If covert infections are protective, all individuals will enter the covert stage if there is enough vertical transmission, and revert to overt infections after a 'latent' period (susceptible, exposed, infected epidemiology). Seasonal variation in transmission rates selects for non-protective covert infections in relatively long-lived hosts with low birth rates typical of many mammals. Variable host population density caused by seasonal birth rates may also select for covert transmission, but in this case it is most likely in short-lived fecund hosts. The covert infections of some insects may therefore be explained by their outbreak population dynamics. However, our models consistently predict proportions of covert infection, which are lower than some of those observed in nature. Higher proportions of covert infection may occur if there is a direct link between covert infection and overt transmission success, the covert infection is protective or the covert state is the result of suppression by the host. Relatively low proportions of covert transmission may, however, be explained as a parasite strategy when transmission opportunities vary.
Combined Mathematical Modelling and Experimentation to Predict Polymersome Uptake by Oral Cancer Cells Nanomedicine : Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine. Feb, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24036098 This study is motivated by understanding and controlling the key physical properties underlying internalisation of nano drug delivery. We consider the internalisation of specific nanometre size delivery vehicles, comprised of self-assembling amphiphilic block copolymers, called polymersomes that have the potential to specifically deliver anticancer therapeutics to tumour cells. The possible benefits of targeted polymersome drug delivery include reduced off-target toxic effects in healthy tissue and increased drug uptake by diseased tissue. Through a combination of in vitro experimentation and mathematical modelling, we develop a validated model of nanoparticle uptake by cells via the clathrin-mediated endocytotic pathway, incorporating receptor binding, clustering and recycling. The model predicts how the characteristics of receptor targeting, and the size and concentration of polymersomes alter uptake by tumour cells. The number of receptors per cell was identified as being the dominant mechanism accounting for the difference between cell types in polymersome uptake rate.