Articles by Mei M. Wong in JoVE
Generation and Grafting of Tissue-engineered Vessels in a Mouse Model Mei M. Wong*1, Xuechong Hong*1, Eirini Karamariti1, Yanhua Hu1, Qingbo Xu1 1 Here, we present a protocol to generate tissue engineered vessel grafts that are functional for grafting into mice by double seeding partially induced pluripotent stem cell (PiPSC) - derived smooth muscle cells and PiPSC - derived endothelial cells on a decellularized vessel scaffold bioreactor.
Other articles by Mei M. Wong on PubMed
Transforming Capacity of Two Novel Genes JS-1 and JS-2 Located in Chromosome 5p and Their Overexpression in Human Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma International Journal of Molecular Medicine. Jan, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16328025 Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has a high mortality rate and geographic differences in incidence. Previous studies of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) showed that chromosomal 5p is frequently amplified in cell lines and primary ESCC of Hong Kong Chinese origin. In this report, attempt was made to study two novel genes, named as JS-1 and JS-2, which are located in chromosome 5p15.2 and are 5' upstream to delta catenin for their roles in molecular pathogenesis of ESCC. Eleven cell lines, 27 primary ESCC cases and multiple human tissue cDNA panels (MTC) of digestive system were studied for the expression level of JS-1 and JS-2 by RT-PCR. The full-length cDNA sequences of JS-1 and JS-2 were determined from a non-tumor esophageal epithelial cell line by 3' and 5' rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The transforming capacity of JS-1 and JS-2 was also investigated by transfecting NIH 3T3 cells with the expression vector pcDNA3.1(-) cloned with the full coding sequences and it was followed by the study of foci formation of the transfected cells under confluence growth and the anchorage-independent growth in soft agar. Forty-five percent (5/11) and 18% (2/11) of the ESCC cell lines showed overexpression of JS-1 and JS-2 respectively, while 55% (15/27) and 14% (3/22) primary ESCC cases showed overexpression of JS-1 and JS-2 respectively. JS-1 overexpression was most common in patients with stage II ESCC (6/27; 22%) whereas JS-2 was only overexpressed in a dysplastic lesion (1/22; 4%) and stage III tumors (2/22; 9%). The expression levels of JS-1 and JS-2 are both low in normal esophageal tissues. Overexpression of JS-1 in NIH 3T3 cells caused foci formation in confluence growth and colony formation in soft agar but not for JS-2. A high grade sarcoma was formed in the athymic nude mice when NIH 3T3 cells overexpressing JS-1 were injected subcutaneously. Our results thus indicate that the frequent overexpression of JS-1 in ESCC and its transforming capacity in normal cells may play a critical role in the molecular pathogenesis of ESCC. The present study also forms the ground work for further identification of novel mechanisms of molecular carcinogenesis in ESCC and other cancers.
Oncogenic Properties of a Novel Gene JK-1 Located in Chromosome 5p and Its Overexpression in Human Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma International Journal of Molecular Medicine. Jun, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17487424 Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) shows high frequency and mortality in Asian regions, including China. Previous analysis of genomic DNA of ESCC using comparative genomic hybridization indicated that amplification of the chromosome 5p regions is a common event in ESCC cell lines and patient cases of Hong Kong Chinese origin, and the results suggested that the genes located in the chromosome 5p regions may play crucial roles in the molecular pathogenesis of ESCC. Our previous studies on ESCC confirmed the tumorigenic and overexpression properties of a novel gene JS-1 located in chromosome 5p15.2 upstream to delta-catenin. In the present study, another novel gene JK-1 which is located at 5p15.1 downstream to delta-catenin was characterized for its roles in the pathogenesis of ESCC. Thirteen ESCC cell lines and 30 surgical specimens of esophageal tumors were studied for the overexpression of JK-1 using multiplex RT-PCR analysis. The transforming capacity of overexpression of JK-1 was also investigated by transfecting NIH 3T3 and HEK 293 cells with the expression vector cloned with JK-1, followed by the soft agar and foci formation assays. JK-1 was overexpressed in 9/13 (69%) of the ESCC cell lines and 9/30 (30%) of the ESCC patient cases. Both NIH 3T3 and HEK 293 cells acquired the properties of anchorage-dependent and -independent growth when JK-1 was overexpressed. Most significantly, subcutaneous sarcomas were formed in all (3/3) the athymic nude mice after NIH 3T3 cells overexpressing JK-1 were injected subcutaneously. Our results thus indicated that JK-1 is commonly overexpressed in ESCC and has a prominent capacity to transform normal cells. Our overall results thus provide the first evidence that the overexpression of JK-1 and its transforming capacity in normal cells may play a critical role in the molecular pathogenesis of ESCC.
Inhibitory Effects of Gleditsia Sinensis Fruit Extract on Telomerase Activity and Oncogenic Expression in Human Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma International Journal of Molecular Medicine. Jun, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17487429 Previous studies have shown that the anomalous fruit extract of Gleditsia sinensis (GSE) exhibited apoptotic properties in various solid and non-solid tumors in vitro. However, the inhibitory actions of GSE on oncogenic expression and telomerase activity in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) have not been studied before. In the present study, the anti-cancer effects of GSE were demonstrated in three ESCC cell lines (HKESC-1, HKESC-2 and SLMT-1) by MTS and anchorage-independent clongen-icity assays, expression studies on oncogenes at 11q13 (CCND1, INT2, FGF4 and EMS1) and real-time quantitative telomeric repeat amplification protocol assay to show the inhibitory effect of GSE on telomerase in ESCC. The means of MTS50 of GSE for the ESCC cell lines and non-tumor NIH 3T3 cells were 21 and 163 microg/ml respectively. The anchorage-independent clongenicity assay showed that SLMT-1 cells lost their colony-forming potential which was dose-dependent to GSE. Moreover, GSE demonstrated dose-dependent suppression on the expression of INT2, EMS1 and FGF4, and inhibition of telomerase activity in the ESCC cell lines. Our overall results thus provide the first evidence that the anti-cancer effects of GSE on ESCC involve the suppression of oncogenic expression and inhibition of telomerase activity. Our findings also offer a new opportunity for the future development of GSE as a novel anti-cancer agent for ESCC and possibly for other cancers.