Articles by Mohamed Naji in JoVE
A Novel Technique for Raman Analysis of Highly Radioactive Samples Using Any Standard Micro-Raman Spectrometer Jean-Yves Colle1, Mohamed Naji1, Mark Sierig1, Dario Manara1 1European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) We present a technique for Raman spectroscopic analysis of highly radioactive samples compatible with any standard micro-Raman spectrometer, without any radioactive contamination of the instrument. We also show some applications using actinide compounds and irradiated fuel materials.
Other articles by Mohamed Naji on PubMed
Structural Relaxation Dynamics and Annealing Effects of Sodium Silicate Glass The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B. May, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23574051 Here we report high-precision measurements of structural relaxation dynamics in the glass transition range at the intermediate and short length scale for a strong sodium silicate glass during long annealing times. We evidence for the first time the heterogeneous dynamics at the intermediate range order by probing the acoustic longitudinal frequency in the GHz region by Brillouin light scattering spectroscopy. Or, from in-situ Raman measurements, we show that relaxation is indeed homogeneous at the interatomic length scale. Our results show that the dynamics at the intermediate range order contains two distinct relaxation time scales, a fast and a slow component, differing by about a 10-fold factor below Tg and approaching to one another past the glass transition. The slow relaxation time agrees with the shear relaxation time, proving that Si-O bond breaking constitutes the primary control of structural relaxation at the intermediate range order.
Further Insights into the Chemistry of the Bi-U-O System Dalton Transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003). May, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 27063438 Cubic fluorite-type phases have been reported in the U(IV)O2-Bi2O3 system for the entire compositional range, but an unusual non-linear variation of the lattice parameter with uranium substitution has been observed. In the current extensive investigation of the uranium(iv) oxide-bismuth(iii) oxide system, this behaviour of the lattice parameter evolution with composition has been confirmed and its origin identified. Even under inert atmosphere at 800 °C, U(IV) oxidises to U(V)/U(VI) as a function of the substitution degree. Thus, using a combination of three methods (XRD, XANES and Raman) we have identified the formation of the BiU(V)O4 and Bi2U(VI)O6 compounds, within this series. Moreover, we present here the Rietveld refinement of BiU(V)O4 at room temperature and we report the thermal expansion of both BiU(V)O4 and Bi2U(VI)O6 compounds.