In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (1)
Articles by Philip G. Meredith in JoVE
Stress Distribution During Cold Compression of Rocks and Mineral Aggregates Using Synchrotron-based X-Ray Diffraction Cecilia S.N. Cheung1,2, Donald J. Weidner1, Li Li1, Philip G. Meredith3, Haiyan Chen1, Matthew Whitaker1, Xianyin Chen4 1Mineral Physics Institute, Department of Geoscience, Stony Brook University, 2Geological Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 3Rock and Ice Physics Laboratory, Department of Earth Sciences, University College London, 4Department of Chemistry, Stony Brook University We report detailed procedures for compression experiments on rocks and mineral aggregates within a multi-anvil deformation apparatus coupled with synchrotron X-radiation. Such experiments allow quantification of the stress distribution within samples, that ultimately sheds light on compaction processes in geomaterials.
Other articles by Philip G. Meredith on PubMed
Laboratory Simulation of Volcano Seismicity Science (New York, N.Y.). | Pubmed ID: 18845753 The physical processes generating seismicity within volcanic edifices are highly complex and not fully understood. We report results from a laboratory experiment in which basalt from Mount Etna volcano (Italy) was deformed and fractured. The experiment was monitored with an array of transducers around the sample to permit full-waveform capture, location, and analysis of microseismic events. Rapid post-failure decompression of the water-filled pore volume and damage zone triggered many low-frequency events, analogous to volcanic long-period seismicity. The low frequencies were associated with pore fluid decompression and were located in the damage zone in the fractured sample; these events exhibited a weak component of shear (double-couple) slip, consistent with fluid-driven events occurring beneath active volcanoes.