Articles by Rachel Weber in JoVE
En allmän metod för att utvärdera Inkubation av Sackaros Craving på råttor Jeffrey W. Grimm1, Jesse Barnes1, Kindsey North1, Stefan Collins1, Rachel Weber1 1Department of Psychology and Program in Behavioral Neuroscience, Western Washington University Svarar för mat eller droger parade ledtrådar ökar under loppet av en period av avhållsamhet, och detta kan gälla en ökad mottaglighet för återfall beteenden. Här har vi närmare ett förfarande för att utvärdera denna "inkubation av begär" hos råttor som har självadministrerade sackaros.
Other articles by Rachel Weber on PubMed
Diagnosis of Neuroblastoma and Ganglioneuroma Using Raman Spectroscopy Journal of Pediatric Surgery. Jan, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18206477 Raman spectroscopy has proven to be useful in studying premalignant and malignant lesions in adults. This is the first report to evaluate Raman spectroscopy in the diagnosis and classification of neuroblastoma in children.
Comparing Academic and Community-based Hospitalists Journal of Hospital Medicine : an Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine. Jul-Aug, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20803674 In 2006, hospitalist programs were formally introduced at both an academic and community hospital in the same city providing an opportunity to study the similarities and differences in workflows in these two settings. The data were collected using a time-flow methodology allowing the two workflows to be compared quantitatively. The results showed that the hospitalists in the two settings devoted similar proportions of their workday to the task categories studied. Most of the time was spent providing indirect patient care followed by direct patient care, travel, personal, and other. However, after adjusting for patient volumes, the data revealed that academic hospitalists spent significantly more time per patient providing indirect patient care (Academic: 54.7 +/- 11.1 min/patient, Community: 41.9 +/- 9.8 min/patient, p < 0.001). Additionally, we found that nearly half of the hospitalists' time at both settings was spent multitasking. Although we found subtle workflow differences between the academic and community programs, their similarities were more striking as well as greater than their differences. We attribute these small differences to the higher case mix index at the academic program as well greater complexity and additional communication hand-offs inherent to a tertiary academic medical center. It appears that hospitalists, irrespective of their work environment, spend far more time documenting, communicating and coordinating care than they do at the bedside raising the question, is this is a necessary feature of the hospitalist care model or should hospitalists restructure their workflow to improve outcomes?
Injection Drug Use, Sexual Risk, Violence and STI/HIV Among Moscow Female Sex Workers Sexually Transmitted Infections. Jan, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22287530 Background/objectivesThe HIV prevalence in Eastern Europe and Central Asia continues to increase. While injection drug use (IDU) is leading factor, heterosexual transmission is on the rise. Little is known about female sex workers (FSWs) in the region despite the central role of commercial sex in heterosexual sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV transmission globally. The authors evaluated the prevalence of STI/HIV among Moscow-based FSWs and potential risk factors including IDU, sexual risks and violence victimisation.MethodsMoscow-based FSWs (n=147) completed a clinic-based survey and STI/HIV testing over an 8-month period in 2005.ResultsHIV prevalence was 4.8%, and 31.3% were infected with at least one STI including HIV. Sexual behaviours significantly associated with STI/HIV included anal sex (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 3.48), high client volume (three or more clients daily, AOR 2.71), recent subbotnik (sex demanded by police; AOR 2.50) and regularly being presented with more clients than initially agreed to (AOR 2.45). Past year experiences of physical violence from clients and threats of violence from pimps were associated with STI/HIV (AOR 3.14 and AOR 3.65, respectively). IDU was not significantly associated with STI/HIV. Anal sex and high client volume partially mediated the associations of abuse with STI/HIV.ConclusionsFindings illustrate substantial potential for heterosexual STI/HIV transmission in a setting better known for IDU-related risk. Many of the STI/HIV risks observed are not modifiable by FSWs alone. STI/HIV prevention efforts for this vulnerable population will benefit from reducing coercion and abuse perpetrated by pimps and clients.