Articles by Rihito Kanamaru in JoVE
Neutrophil Extracellular Traps Generated by Low Density Neutrophils Obtained from Peritoneal Lavage Fluid Mediate Tumor Cell Growth and Attachment Rihito Kanamaru1, Hideyuki Ohzawa1, Hideyo Miyato1, Hironori Yamaguchi1, Yoshinori Hosoya1, Alan Kawarai Lefor1, Naohiro Sata1, Joji Kitayama1 1Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Jichi Medical University Here, we present a method in which human low-density neutrophils (LDN), recovered from postoperative peritoneal lavage fluid, produce massive neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) and efficiently trap free tumor cells that subsequently grow.
Other articles by Rihito Kanamaru on PubMed
Hepatic Portal Venous Gas After Endoscopy in a Patient with Anastomotic Obstruction World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. Feb, 2015 | Pubmed ID: 25722798 A 72-year-old male underwent a laparoscopic low anterior resection for advanced rectal cancer. A diverting loop ileostomy was constructed due to an anastomotic leak five days postoperatively. Nine months later, colonoscopy performed through the stoma showed complete anastomotic obstruction. The mucosa of the proximal sigmoid colon was atrophic and whitish. Ten days after the colonoscopy, the patient presented in shock with abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography scan showed hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) and a dilated left colon. HPVG induced by obstructive colitis was diagnosed and a transverse colostomy performed emergently. His subsequent hospital course was unremarkable. Rectal anastomosis with diverting ileostomy is often performed in patients with low rectal cancers. In patients with anastomotic obstruction or severe stenosis, colonoscopy through diverting stoma should be avoided. Emergent operation to decompress the obstructed proximal colon is necessary in patients with a blind intestinal loop accompanied by HPVG.
Boerhaave's Syndrome in a Patient with an Upside Down Stomach: A Case Report International Journal of Surgery Case Reports. 2016 | Pubmed ID: 26710329 Spontaneous esophageal perforation, or Boerhaave's syndrome, is a life-threating condition which usually requires emergent surgery. An upside down stomach is defined as a gastric volvulus in a huge supradiaphragmatic sac. In general, this condition can result in ischemia and perforation of the stomach. This is the first report of a patient with Boerhaave's syndrome and an upside down stomach.
Low Density Neutrophils (LDN) in Postoperative Abdominal Cavity Assist the Peritoneal Recurrence Through the Production of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs) Scientific Reports. Jan, 2018 | Pubmed ID: 29330531 Many types of immune cells appear in peritoneal cavity after abdominal surgery. In patients who underwent laparotomy due to gastric cancer, peritoneal lavages were obtained before and after surgical procedure. Cells were recovered from intermediate layer after Ficoll-Hypaque centrifugation and analyzed for phenotypes and functions, especially focused on low density neutrophils (LDN). The number of CD66b (+) LDN with mature phenotype was markedly elevated in postoperative as compared with preoperative lavages. Short term culture of the purified LDN produced many threadlike structures positive for SYTOX, nucleic acid staining, as well as histone and myeloperoxidase, suggesting the NETs formation. Human gastric cancer cells, MKN45, OCUM-1 and NUGC-4, were selectively attached on the NETs, which was totally abolished by the pretreatment of DNAse I. Intraperitoneal (IP) co-transfer of the LDN with MKN45 in nude mice strongly augments the metastasis formation on peritoneum, which was strongly suppressed by the following IP administration of DNAse I. Many NETs-like structures were detected on the surface of human omental tissue resected by gastrectomy. NETs on peritoneal surface can assist the clustering and growth of free tumor cells disseminated in abdomen. Disruption of the NETs by DNAse might be useful to prevent the peritoneal recurrence after abdominal surgery.