Articles by Santosha Vardhana in JoVE
Bilayers מישורי נתמכות עבור תצורת לימוד של סינפסות החיסונית Kinapse Santosha Vardhana1, Michael Dustin1 1Helen and Martin S. Kimmel Center for Biology and Medicine at the Skirball Institute of Biomolecular, New York University - NYU Bilayers מישוריים נתמכים הם כלים רבי עוצמה שיכולים לשמש מודל אינטראקציות מולקולריות בסינפסה האימונולוגית. כאן, אנו מציגים שיטות לעיגון הידבקות התא חלבונים ידועים לווסת היווצרות הסינפסה לעלון העליון של bilyer השומנים ולדמיין היווצרות הסינפסה באמצעות מיקרוסקופ TIRF.
Other articles by Santosha Vardhana on PubMed
T Cell-dendritic Cell Immunological Synapses Contain TCR-dependent CD28-CD80 Clusters That Recruit Protein Kinase C Theta Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). Oct, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18802089 Short-lived TCR microclusters and a longer-lived protein kinase Ctheta-focusing central supramolecular activation cluster (cSMAC) have been defined in model immunological synapses (IS). In different model systems, CD28-mediated costimulatory interactions have been detected in microclusters, the cSMAC, or segregated from the TCR forming multiple distinct foci. The relationship between TCR and costimulatory molecules in the physiological IS of T cell-dendritic cell (DC) is obscure. To study the dynamic relationship of CD28-CD80 and TCR interactions in the T cell-DC IS during Ag-specific T cell activation, we generated CD80-eCFP mice using bacterial artificial chromosome transgenic technology. In splenic DCs, endogenous CD80 and CD80-eCFP localized to plasma membrane and Golgi apparatus, and CD80-eCFP was functional in vivo. In the OT-II T cell-DC IS, multiple segregated TCR, CD80, and LFA-1 clusters were detected. In the T cell-DC synapse CD80 clusters were colocalized with CD28 and PKCtheta, a characteristic of the cSMAC. Acute blockade of TCR signaling with anti-MHC Ab resulted in a rapid reduction in Ca(2+) signaling and the number and size of the CD80 clusters, a characteristic of TCR microclusters. Thus, the T cell-DC interface contains dynamic costimulatory foci that share characteristics of microclusters and cSMACs.
The Class II Phosphatidylinositol 3 Kinase C2beta is Required for the Activation of the K+ Channel KCa3.1 and CD4 T-cells Molecular Biology of the Cell. Sep, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19587117 The Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel KCa3.1 is required for Ca(2+) influx and the subsequent activation of T-cells. We previously showed that nucleoside diphosphate kinase beta (NDPK-B), a mammalian histidine kinase, directly phosphorylates and activates KCa3.1 and is required for the activation of human CD4 T lymphocytes. We now show that the class II phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase C2beta (PI3K-C2beta) is activated by the T-cell receptor (TCR) and functions upstream of NDPK-B to activate KCa3.1 channel activity. Decreased expression of PI3K-C2beta by siRNA in human CD4 T-cells resulted in inhibition of KCa3.1 channel activity. The inhibition was due to decreased phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate [PI(3)P] because dialyzing PI3K-C2beta siRNA-treated T-cells with PI(3)P rescued KCa3.1 channel activity. Moreover, overexpression of PI3K-C2beta in KCa3.1-transfected Jurkat T-cells led to increased TCR-stimulated activation of KCa3.1 and Ca(2+) influx, whereas silencing of PI3K-C2beta inhibited both responses. Using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy and planar lipid bilayers, we found that PI3K-C2beta colocalized with Zap70 and the TCR in peripheral microclusters in the immunological synapse. This is the first demonstration that a class II PI3K plays a critical role in T-cell activation.
Essential Role of Ubiquitin and TSG101 Protein in Formation and Function of the Central Supramolecular Activation Cluster Immunity. Apr, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20399684 Agonist MHC-peptide complexes in the immunological synapse (IS) signal through T cell receptor (TCR) microclusters (MCs) that converge into a central supramolecular activation cluster (cSMAC). The determinants and function of the cSMAC remain unknown. We demonstrate an essential role for ubiquitin (Ub) and TSG101, but less so for HRS, in signal processing events at the cSMAC. Using siRNA in primary T cells, we show that Ub recognition by TSG101 is required for cSMAC formation, TCR MC signal termination, TCR downregulation, and segregation of TCR-MHC-peptide from PKC-theta-enriched signaling complexes. Weak agonist MHC-peptide induced CD80-dependent TCR MCs that dissociated in the center of the IS without recruiting TSG101. These results support TSG101-dependent recognition of CD80-independent TCR MCs as a molecular checkpoint for TCR downregulation.