Articles by Yanzhou Zhang in JoVE
Live-imaging of Breast Epithelial Cell Migration After the Transient Depletion of TIP60 Yanzhou Zhang1, Grace SuShin Chia1, Cheng Yong Tham1, Sudhakar Jha1,2 1Cancer Science Institute of Singapore, National University of Singapore, 2Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore Here, we present the real-time monitoring of cell migration in a wound-healing assay using TIP60-depleted MCF10A breast epithelial cells. The implementation of live-cell imaging techniques in our protocol allows us to analyze and visualize single-cell movement in real time and across time.
Other articles by Yanzhou Zhang on PubMed
TIP60-miR-22 Axis As a Prognostic Marker of Breast Cancer Progression Oncotarget. | Pubmed ID: 26512777 MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 22- to 24-nucleotide, small, non-coding RNAs that bind to the 3'UTR of target genes to control gene expression. Consequently, their dysregulation contributes to many diseases, including diabetes and cancer. miR-22 is up-regulated in numerous metastatic cancers and recent studies have suggested a role for miR-22 in promoting stemness and metastasis. TIP60 is a lysine acetyl-transferase reported to be down-regulated in cancer but the molecular mechanism of this reduction is still unclear. In this study, we identify TIP60 as a target of miR-22. We show a negative correlation in the expression of TIP60 and miR-22 in breast cancer patients, and show that low levels of TIP60 and high levels of miR-22 are associated with poor overall survival. Furthermore, pathway analysis using high miR-22/low TIP60 and low miR-22/high TIP60 breast cancer patient datasets suggests association of TIP60/miR-22 with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a key alteration in progression of cancer cells. We show that blocking endogenous miR-22 can restore TIP60 levels, which in turn decreases the migration and invasion capacity of metastatic breast cancer cell line. These results provide mechanistic insight into TIP60 regulation and evidence for the utility of the combination of TIP60 and miR-22 as prognostic indicator of breast cancer progression.
TIP60 Inhibits Metastasis by Ablating DNMT1-SNAIL2-driven Epithelial-mesenchymal Transition Program Journal of Molecular Cell Biology. | Pubmed ID: 27651430 HIV-Tat-interacting protein of 60 kDa (TIP60) is a lysine acetyltransferase and known to be downregulated in multiple cancers. Among various signalling pathways, TIP60 is implicated in regulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Here, we show that TIP60 expression abrogates cell migration and metastatic potential of breast cancer cells using in vitro and in vivo models. Mechanistically, we show that this is through its ability to destabilize DNMT1 and inhibit SNAIL2 function (SNAIL2-mediated EMT/cell migration). Depletion of TIP60 stabilizes DNMT1 and increases SNAIL2 levels, resulting in EMT. Recruitment of DNMT1 to the SNAIL2 targets in the absence of TIP60 increases DNA methylation on their promoter region and further represses the expression of epithelial markers. In pathophysiological scenario, we find TIP60 to be significantly downregulated in breast cancer patients with poor overall survival and disease-free survival prognoses. These data suggest that levels of TIP60 can be a prognostic marker of breast cancer progression and stabilization of TIP60 could be a promising strategy to treat cancers.
TIP60 Represses Telomerase Expression by Inhibiting Sp1 Binding to the TERT Promoter PLoS Pathogens. | Pubmed ID: 29045464 HIV1-TAT interactive protein (TIP60) is a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor. However, the potential mechanisms endowing its tumor suppressor ability remain incompletely understood. It plays a vital role in virus-induced cancers where TIP60 down-regulates the expression of human papillomavirus (HPV) oncoprotein E6 which in turn destabilizes TIP60. This intrigued us to identify the role of TIP60, in the context of a viral infection, where it is targeted by oncoproteins. Through an array of molecular biology techniques such as Chromatin immunoprecipitation, expression analysis and mass spectrometry, we establish the hitherto unknown role of TIP60 in repressing the expression of the catalytic subunit of the human telomerase complex, TERT, a key driver for immortalization. TIP60 acetylates Sp1 at K639, thus inhibiting Sp1 binding to the TERT promoter. We identified that TIP60-mediated growth suppression of HPV-induced cervical cancer is mediated in part due to TERT repression through Sp1 acetylation. In summary, our study has identified a novel substrate for TIP60 catalytic activity and a unique repressive mechanism acting at the TERT promoter in virus-induced malignancies.