Protein-Protein interaction methods
Department of Biochemistry
Dr. Michael Overduin is a Professor and CAIP Chair in the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Alberta, and...
Department of Biomedical Science
Dr. Alastair Barr is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Westminster, London in pharmacology and Physiology in the...
The study of protein-protein interactions is key to understanding the network of molecular interactions underlying biological effects, and defining how individual proteins perform their functional role within a cell. Detailed understanding of these interactions often provides insight into aberrant signaling in disease. This collection brings together the wide range of techniques that have been developed to study interactions using in vitro, cell-based and in vivo approaches. Each technique has its own strengths, for example enabling systematic interrogation of the complete ‘interactome’, providing detailed atomic level information about asingle interaction or insight into the sub-cellular localization of interacting proteins. Some techniques are easily adaptable to high-throughput screening of libraries or pulling out novel interacting partners while others have a more limited capacity. Readouts such as microscopy and mass-spectrometry are employed in protein-protein interaction techniques and some provide quantitative information on the affinity of an interaction. Examples of methods to be included in this collection are: co-immunoprecipitation and antibody interference; pull-down assays using fusion proteins or modular protein domains; proximity-dependent labelling techniques (e.g. BioID); far western and receptor affinity probes; affinity purification coupled with mass-spectrometry; two-hybrid technologies (yeast and mammalian); fluorescence microscopy (e.g. immunofluoresence, FRET, super-resolution microscopy); protein complementation assays (e.g. BiFC); biophysical approaches (X-ray crystallography, NMR, AUC, SPR) and microarray based techniques (i.e. tissue and protein arrays).
1Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, 2Singapore Eye Research Institute (SERI), Singapore General Hospital, 3The Rolf Luft Research Center for Diabetes and Endocrinology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, 4Cancer and Stem Cell Biology Program, Duke-NUS Medical School, 5Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Karolinska Institutet
1Cellular Imaging Group, Wellcome Centre Human Genetics, University of Oxford, 2Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre Human Genetics, University of Oxford, 3Dynamic Structural Virology Group, Biocruces Health Research Centre, 4IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science
1Alberta RNA Research and Training Institute, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Lethbridge, 2Department of Biochemistry, University of Alberta, 3Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, 4DiscoveryLab, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta