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Нервная система

Что такое нервная система?
The nervous system is the collection of specialized cells responsible for maintaining an organism’s internal environment and coordinating the…
Парасимпатическая нервная система
The parasympathetic nervous system is one of the two major divisions of the autonomic nervous system. This parasympathetic system is responsible…
Симпатическая нервная система
The sympathetic nervous system—one of the two major divisions of the autonomic nervous system—is activated in times of stress. It…
Гематоэнцефалический барьер
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) refers to the specialized vasculature that provides the brain with nutrients in the blood while strictly regulating…
Структура нейрона
Neurons are the main type of cell in the nervous system that generate and transmit electrochemical signals. They primarily communicate with each…
Синапс
Neurons communicate with one another by passing on their electrical signals to other neurons. A synapse is the location where two neurons meet to…
Глиальные клетки
Glial cells are one of the two main types of cells in the nervous system. Glia cells comprise astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, microglia, and…
Мембранный потенциал покоя
The relative difference in electrical charge, or voltage, between the inside and the outside of a cell membrane, is called the membrane potential.…
Потенциал действия
Neurons communicate by firing action potentials—the electrochemical signal that is propagated along the axon. The signal results in the…
Долговременная потенциация
Long-term potentiation, or LTP, is one of the ways by which synaptic plasticity—changes in the strength of chemical synapses—can occur in…
Долговременная депрессия
Long-term depression, or LTD, is one of the ways by which synaptic plasticity—changes in the strength of chemical synapses—can occur in…
Иммуноокрашивание визуализировать нервную развития системы мышиный Кишечная
The enteric nervous system is formed by neural crest cells that proliferate, migrate and colonize the gut. Following colonization, neural crest cells…
<em>Дрозофилы In Vivo</em> травмы модель для изучения Neuroregeneration в периферической и центральной нервной системы
The regrowth capacity of damaged neurons governs neuroregeneration and functional recovery after nervous system trauma. Over the past few decades,…

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