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Title Cell Encapsulation by Droplets

doi: 10.3791/316 Published: October 1, 2007


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NIH3T3 cells preparation:

A. Cells for Ejection

  1. Trypsinize cells, then dilute 1:1 with cell media, and transfer from a T75 flask to a 15 mL Falcon tube
  2. Spin down cells into a pellet by centrifuging, aspirate supernatant and wash cells with DPBS
  3. Spin down cells into a pellet again, and aspirate supernatant
  4. Resuspend cells in media
  5. Determine cell density with hemocytometer (~200 X 104 cells/mL per T75 flask)
  6. Centrifuge cell solution, aspirate supernatant, and resuspend in appropriate amount of media for varying cell concentrations

B. Cell ejection

  1. Vortex cells before using for ejection
  2. Transfer 200 µL of cell solution into syringe
  3. Set appropriate mode on pulse generator
    1. For ejecting single droplets and multiple droplets (bursts), set pulse generator to "E. BUR" mode
    2. For continuous droplet ejection, set pulse generator to "NORM" mode
  4. Change signal settings
    1. Set high level and low level output voltage: HIL to 5 V and LOL to 0 V and make sure the"LIM"LED is on
    2. Set signal as a square pulse
    3. Change the amount of time the solenoid valve is open for droplet ejection by changing the value for "WID" or changing duty cycle ("DUTY")
    4. Change the frequency of ejection by changing the value for "PER"
    5. Change the number of droplets ejected in a burst by changing the value for "BUR"
  5. Eject cell solution onto prepared substrate for imaging with microscope

C. Staining

  1. Make up dye solution with 0.5 µL calcein-AM and 2 µL ethidium homodimer per mL of DPBS
  2. Immerse prepared substrate in dye solution
  3. Allow sample to incubate for 10 minutes at 37°C before imaging

Experiment Validation

  1. On a Nikon Eclipse TE-2000 U Fluorescent Microscope
    1. Spot advanced software (Diagnostics, Inc.)
    2. Live/Dead Assay

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The authors have nothing to disclose.


Name Type Company Catalog Number Comments
Fluorescent Microscope Nikon Instruments Eclipse TE-2000 U
Solenoid valve cell ejector Operation frequency: 1 KHz, 30psi, 50nl~0.5ul. 12V Valve Driver: 2.5 Amp drive current
5-Gallon Portable air tank Coleman Powermate CT5 Pressurized air: 30 PSI
Pressure regulators Marsh Bellofram
Pulse Generator HP8112A Actuation frequency generation: 50 MHz
XYZ-stage Newmark Systems With Stepping motor: 6inch travel xy-stage(NLS4-6-25), 2.5inch travel z-stage(NLS4-2.5-25), 3axis controller(NSC-G3), 0.1um resolution
NIH 3T3 Cell-line fibroblasts
Trypsin 0.05% solution
NIH 3T3 cell medium
DPBS Buffer
T75 Tissue culture flasks
Plastic conical tubes 15 ml, for tissue culture


Title Cell Encapsulation by Droplets
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Cite this Article

Moon, S., Lin, P., Keles, H. O., Yoo, S., Demirci, U. Title Cell Encapsulation by Droplets. J. Vis. Exp. (8), e316, doi:10.3791/316 (2007).More

Moon, S., Lin, P., Keles, H. O., Yoo, S., Demirci, U. Title Cell Encapsulation by Droplets. J. Vis. Exp. (8), e316, doi:10.3791/316 (2007).

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