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In Situ Lithiated Reference Electrode

In Situ Lithiated Reference Electrode: Four Electrode Design for In-operando Impedance Spectroscopy

Article DOI: 10.3791/57375 09:36 min September 12th, 2018
September 12th, 2018



The incorporation of reference electrodes in a Li-ion battery provides valuable information to elucidate degradation mechanisms at high voltages. In this article, we present a cell design that accommodates multiple reference electrodes, along with the assembly steps to assure maximum accuracy of the data obtained in electrochemical measurements.



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