Articles by Anne-Julie Grenier in JoVE
Development of an IFN-γ ELISpot Assay to Assess Varicella-Zoster Virus-specific Cell-mediated Immunity Following Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation Insaf Salem Fourati1, Anne-Julie Grenier1, Élyse Jolette1, Natacha Merindol1, Philippe Ovetchkine2,3, Hugo Soudeyns1,3 1Unité d'Immunopathologie Virale, Centre de Recherche du CHU Sainte-Justine, Department of Microbiology, Infectiology & Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, 2Infectious Diseases Service, CHU Sainte-Justine, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, 3Department of Paediatrics, Université de Montréal Novel generations of functional assays such as gamma interferon (IFN-γ) ELISpot, which detect cytokine production at the single cell level and provide both quantitative and qualitative characterization of T cell responses can be used to assess cell-mediated immune responses directed against varicella zoster virus (VZV).
Other articles by Anne-Julie Grenier on PubMed
Umbilical Cord Blood T Cells Respond Against the Melan-A/MART-1 Tumor Antigen and Exhibit Reduced Alloreactivity As Compared with Adult Blood-derived T Cells Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). Jul, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20543110 Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is increasingly used as a source of hematopoietic progenitor cells to treat a variety of disorders. UCB transplant is associated with comparatively reduced incidence of graft-versus-host disease, robust graft versus leukemia effect, and relatively high incidence of opportunistic infections, three processes in which donor-derived T lymphocytes are known to be predominantly involved. To examine the differential functionality of UCB T cells, CD8(+) T cells specific for the melanoma-associated HLA-A2-restricted Melan-A(26-35) A27L peptide were isolated from HLA-A2(+) and HLA-A2(-) UCB samples and HLA-A2(+) and HLA-A2(-) adult peripheral blood using A2/Melan-A tetramers. In UCB samples, A2/Melan-A(+) CD8(+) T cells were detected at a frequency of 0.04%, were more frequent in HLA-A2(+) UCB, and were polyclonal and mostly naive. Consistent with Ag-driven expansion, the frequency of A2/Melan-A(+) CD8(+) T cells was increased following stimulation with cognate peptide or polyclonal activation, they acquired cell-surface markers reflective of effector/memory differentiation, their TCR repertoire became oligoclonal, and they expressed cytolytic activity and produced IFN-gamma. Although functional properties of A2/Melan-A(+) CD8(+) T cells derived from HLA-A2(+) UCB resembled those of HLA-A2(+) adult peripheral blood, they were more likely to reach terminal differentiation following polyclonal stimulation and produced less IFN-gamma in response to cognate peptide. A2/Melan-A(+) CD8(+) T cells from HLA-A2(-) UCB were poorly cytolytic, produced little IFN-gamma, and were predominantly monofunctional or nonfunctional. These properties of UCB-derived CD8(+) T cells could contribute to the reduced incidence of graft-versus-host disease and heightened incidence of opportunistic infections observed following UCB transplant.
Reconstitution of Protective Immune Responses Against Cytomegalovirus and Varicella Zoster Virus Does Not Require Disease Development in Pediatric Recipients of Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). Nov, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 23034171 CMV and varicella zoster virus (VZV) are significant causes of morbidity and mortality following umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT). However, the kinetics of reconstitution and protective potential of antiviral cell-mediated immune responses following UCBT remain poorly characterized. In this study, the reconstitution of CMV- and VZV-specific T cell responses was assessed using IFN-γ ELISPOT in 28 children who underwent UCBT to treat hematological or inherited disorders. Barely detectable in the first 3 mo posttransplantation, CMV- and VZV-specific T cell responses were observed in 30.4% and 40.3% of study subjects after 36 mo of follow-up. Four of five CMV-seropositive subjects developed detectable levels of circulating CMV DNA (DNAemia), and 5 of 17 VZV-seropositive patients experienced herpes zoster during the posttransplant period. Four CMV-seronegative subjects developed IFN-γ responses against CMV, and four subjects developed a VZV-specific IFN-γ response without clinical signs of infection. No CMV- or VZV-related events were observed in study subjects following the development of CMV- or VZV-specific responses > 150 spot-forming units/10(6) PBMCs, consistent with T cell-mediated protection. Finally, famciclovir prophylaxis did not strictly prevent the reconstitution of the VZV-specific T cell repertoire, because the frequency of T cells producing IFN-γ in response to VZV Ags reached levels consistent with protection in two nonzoster subjects. Monitoring of CMV- and VZV-specific cell-mediated immunity could inform immunocompetence and guide the initiation and cessation of antiherpetic prophylaxis in UCBT recipients.