Articles by Dominic Eberle in JoVE
Subretinal Transplantation of MACS Purified Photoreceptor Precursor Cells into the Adult Mouse Retina Dominic Eberle*1, Tiago Santos-Ferreira*1, Sandra Grahl1, Marius Ader1 1CRTD / DFG-Research Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden, Technische Universität Dresden Cell transplantation represents a strategy for the treatment of retinal degeneration characterized by photoreceptor loss. Here we describe a method for enrichment of transplantable photoreceptors and their subretinal grafting into adult mice.
Other articles by Dominic Eberle on PubMed
Increased Integration of Transplanted CD73-positive Photoreceptor Precursors into Adult Mouse Retina Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. Aug, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21743009 PURPOSE. Retinal degeneration initiated by loss of photoreceptors is the prevalent cause of visual impairment and blindness in industrialized countries. Transplantation of photoreceptor cells represents a possible replacement strategy. This study determined that identification of cell surface antigens can assist in enriching photoreceptor precursors for transplantation. METHODS. The expression profile of rod photoreceptors at postnatal day 4 was investigated by microarray analysis to identify photoreceptor-specific cell surface antigens. For enrichment of transplantable photoreceptors, neonatal retinas from rod photoreceptor-specific reporter mice were dissociated, and the rods were purified by magnetic associated cell sorting (MACS) with CD73 antibodies. MAC-sorted cell fractions were transplanted into the subretinal space of adult wild-type mice. The number of rod photoreceptors contained in unsorted, CD73-negative, and CD73-positive cell fractions were quantified in vitro and after grafting in vivo. RESULTS. Microarray analysis revealed that CD73 is a marker for rod photoreceptors. CD73-based MACS resulted in enrichment of rods to 87%. Furthermore, in comparison with unsorted cell fractions, CD73-positive MAC-sorted cells showed an approximately three-fold increase in the number of integrated, outer segment-forming photoreceptors after transplantation. CONCLUSIONS. CD73-based MACS is a reliable method for the enrichment of integrating photoreceptors. Purification via cell surface markers represents a new tool for the separation of transplantable photoreceptor precursors from a heterogeneous cell population, avoiding the need of reporter gene expression in target cells.
Labeling of Ultrathin Resin Sections for Correlative Light and Electron Microscopy Methods in Cell Biology. 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22857924 Correlative microscopy combines the versatility of the light microscope with the excellent spatial resolution of the electron microscope. Here, we describe fast and simple methods for correlative immunofluorescence and immunogold labeling on the very same ultrathin section. The protocols are demonstrated on sections of tissue samples embedded in the methacrylate Lowicryl K4M. Ultrathin sections are mounted on electron microscopy (EM) grids and stained simultaneously with fluorescent and gold markers. For the detection of primary antibodies, we applied either protein A gold or immunoglobulin G (IgG) gold in combination with secondary antibodies coupled to Alexa488 or Alexa555. Alternatively, the correlative marker FluoroNanogold was used, followed by silver enhancement. The samples have to be analyzed first at the light microscope and then in the transmission electron microscope (TEM), because the fluorescence is bleached by the electron beam. Labeled structures selected at the fluorescence microscope can be identified in the TEM and analyzed at high resolution. This way, fluorescent signals can be directly correlated to the corresponding subcellular structures in the area of interest.
Outer Segment Formation of Transplanted Photoreceptor Precursor Cells PloS One. 2012 | Pubmed ID: 23029471 Transplantation of photoreceptor precursor cells (PPCs) into the retina represents a promising treatment for cell replacement in blinding diseases characterized by photoreceptor loss. In preclinical studies, we and others demonstrated that grafted PPCs integrate into the host outer nuclear layer (ONL) and develop into mature photoreceptors. However, a key feature of light detecting photoreceptors, the outer segment (OS) with natively aligned disc membrane staples, has not been studied in detail following transplantation. Therefore, we used as donor cells PPCs isolated from neonatal double transgenic reporter mice in which OSs are selectively labeled by green fluorescent protein while cell bodies are highlighted by red fluorescent protein. PPCs were enriched using CD73-based magnetic associated cell sorting and subsequently transplanted into either adult wild-type or a model of autosomal-dominant retinal degeneration mice. Three weeks post-transplantation, donor photoreceptors were identified based on fluorescent-reporter expression and OS formation was monitored at light and electron microscopy levels. Donor cells that properly integrated into the host wild-type retina developed OSs with the formation of a connecting cilium and well-aligned disc membrane staples similar to the surrounding native cells of the host. Surprisingly, the majority of not-integrated PPCs that remained in the sub-retinal space also generated native-like OSs in wild-type mice and those affected by retinal degeneration. Moreover, they showed an improved photoreceptor maturation and OS formation by comparison to donor cells located on the vitreous side suggesting that environmental cues influence the PPC differentiation and maturation. We conclude that transplanted PPCs, whether integrated or not into the host ONL, are able to generate the cellular structure for effective light detection, a phenomenon observed in wild-type as well as in degenerated retinas. Given that patients suffering from retinitis pigmentosa lose almost all photoreceptors, our findings are of utmost importance for the development of cell-based therapies.