Articles by Emmanuel Bikorimana in JoVE
Retroviral Infection of Murine Embryonic Stem Cell Derived Embryoid Body Cells for Analysis of Hematopoietic Differentiation Emmanuel Bikorimana1,2, Danica Lapid3, Hyewon Choi3, Richard Dahl1,2,3 1Harper Cancer Research Institute, 2Microbiology and Immunology, Indiana University School of Medicine, 3Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame Manipulating temporal gene expression in differentiating embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can be achieved using inducible gene systems. However, generation of these cell lines is costly and time consuming. This protocol achieves rapid expression of a transgene in differentiating ES-derived cells and subsequent analysis of downstream hematopoietic differentiation.
Other articles by Emmanuel Bikorimana on PubMed
Dosage Effect of a Phex Mutation in a Murine Model of X-linked Hypophosphatemia Calcified Tissue International. Aug, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23700148 X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is caused by mutations in the PHEX gene, which increase circulating levels of the phosphaturic hormone, fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). Because XLH is a dominant disease, one mutant allele is sufficient for manifestation of the disease. However, the dosage effect of a PHEX mutation in XLH is not completely understood. To examine the effect of Phex genotypes, we compared serum biochemistries and skeletal measures between all five possible genotypes of a new murine model of XLH (Phex (K496X) or Phex (Jrt) ). Compared to sex-matched littermate controls, all Phex mutant mice had hypophosphatemia, mild hypocalcemia, and increased parathyroid hormone and alkaline phosphatase levels. Furthermore, mutant mice had markedly elevated serum Fgf23 levels due to increased Fgf23 expression and reduced cleavage of Fgf23. Although females with a homozygous Phex mutation were slightly more hypocalcemic and hypophosphatemic than heterozygous females, the two groups had comparable intact Fgf23 levels. Similarly, there was no difference in intact Fgf23 or phosphorus concentrations between hemizygous males and heterozygous females. Compared to heterozygous females, homozygous counterparts were significantly smaller and had shorter femurs with reduced bone mineral density, suggesting the existence of dosage effect in the skeletal phenotype of XLH. However, overall phenotypic trends in regards to mineral ion homeostasis were mostly unaffected by the presence of one or two mutant Phex allele(s). The lack of a gene dosage effect on circulating Fgf23 (and thus phosphorus) levels suggests that a Phex mutation may create the lower set point for extracellular phosphate concentrations.