In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (10)
- Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
- Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
- Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
- BioResearch Open Access
- Journal of Biomedical Optics
- Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
- Journal of Pediatric Surgery
- Current Gene Therapy
- The Journal of Clinical Investigation
- Journal of Cellular Physiology
Articles by Gabriele Ceccarelli in JoVE
Tissue Characterization after a New Disaggregation Method for Skin Micro-Grafts Generation Valeria Purpura1, Elena Bondioli1, Antonio Graziano2, Letizia Trovato2, Davide Melandri1, Martina Ghetti1, Andrea Marchesini3, Maria Gabriella Cusella De Angelis4,5, Laura Benedetti4,5, Gabriele Ceccarelli4,5, Michele Riccio3 1Burns Centre and Emilia Romagna Regional Skin Bank, 2Human Brain Wave srl, 3Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, AOU “Ospedali Riuniti”, 4Department of Public Health, Experimental Medicine, Anatomy and Forensic, University of Pavia, 5C.H.T Centre for Health Technologies, University of Pavia The protocol describes a new method to disaggregate human tissues and to create autologous micro-grafts that, combined with collagen sponges, give rise to human bio-complexes ready to use in the treatment of skin lesions. Further, this system preserves cell viability of micro-grafts at different times after mechanical disaggregation.
Other articles by Gabriele Ceccarelli on PubMed
Effects of Low-amplitude, High-frequency Vibrations on Proliferation and Differentiation of SAOS-2 Human Osteogenic Cell Line Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods. Dec, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19257810 The aim of the work was to understand the consequences of low-amplitude, high-frequency vibrations on proliferation and differentiation of SAOS-2 cells (sarcoma osteogenetic), an osteoblastic and tumorigenic cell line. We realized a bioreactor composed of an eccentric motor that produces a displacement of 11 mm at frequencies between 1 and 120 Hz on a plate connected to the motor. The cultures of SAOS-2 cells were fixed on the plate, and the linear acceleration provoked by the motor to the cultures was measured. We used 30 Hz as stimulating frequency after a preliminary test on the effect of different frequencies on differentiation of cells. Afterward, SAOS-2 cells were stimulated with 30 Hz for different durations, every day for 4 days. The expression of some genes involved in the differentiation process was analyzed first with a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and afterward with a real-time polymerase chain reaction on the most expressed genes. Moreover, the proliferation of cells was evaluated. The results suggest a strong increase in the expression of the genes involved in tissue differentiation in the treated groups with respect to the controls. On the other hand, the proliferation seems to be slowed down, so probably the acceleration perceived by the mechanosensors of the cells changes the cellular cycle by blocking the duplication to early differentiate toward bone tissue.
In Vitro Osteoblastic Differentiation of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells on Poly-L-lysine-treated Titanium-6-aluminium-4-vanadium Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A. May, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21370441 Three-dimensional (3D) titanium-6-aluminium-4-vanadium (Ti6Al4V) is a widely used biomaterial for orthopedic prosthesis and dental implants; thanks to its very high-mechanical strength and resistance to corrosion. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) are responsible for bone regeneration following colonization of prosthesis or dental implants. Both hMSCs and hDPSCs have lower ability to colonize this biomaterial in comparison with tissue culture-treated plastic. Both hMSCs and hDPSCs show lack of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) activation when grown on Ti6Al4V. This signal is restored in the presence of poly-L-lysine (poly-L-lys). Poly-L-lys has been used as part of organoapatite or together with zinc and calcium ions. Our results suggest that poly-L-lys alone induces FAK activation through β1-INTEGRIN, because the presence of β1-INTEGRIN blocking antibody avoided FAK autophosphorylation. Presence of poly-L-lys also increases expression of osteoblastic differentiation marker genes in hMSCs and hDPSCs grown on Ti6Al4V.
In Vitro Osteogenesis of Human Stem Cells by Using a Three-dimensional Perfusion Bioreactor Culture System: a Review Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation. Apr, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 22974170 Tissue engineering (by culturing cells on appropriate scaffolds, and using bioreactors to drive the correct bone structure formation) is an attractive alternative to bone grafting or implantation of bone substitutes. Osteogenesis is a biological process that involves many molecular intracellular pathways organized to optimize bone modeling. The use of bioreactor systems and especially the perfusion bioreactor, provides both the technological means to reveal fundamental mechanisms of cell function in a 3D environment, and the potential to improve the quality of engineered tissues. In this mini-review all the characteristics for the production of an appropriate bone construct are analyzed: the stem cell source, scaffolds useful for the seeding of pre-osteoblastic cells and the effects of fluid flow on differentiation and proliferation of bone precursor cells. By automating and standardizing tissue manufacture in controlled closed systems, engineered tissues may reduce the gap between the process of bone formation in vitro and subsequent graft of bone substitutes in vivo.
A Comparative Analysis of the in Vitro Effects of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Treatment on Osteogenic Differentiation of Two Different Mesenchymal Cell Lineages BioResearch Open Access. Aug, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23914335 Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising candidate cell type for regenerative medicine and tissue engineering applications. Exposure of MSCs to physical stimuli favors early and rapid activation of the tissue repair process. In this study we investigated the in vitro effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) treatment on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow MSCs (BM-MSCs) and adipose-tissue MSCs (ASCs), to assess if both types of MSCs could be indifferently used in combination with PEMF exposure for bone tissue healing. We compared the cell viability, cell matrix distribution, and calcified matrix production in unstimulated and PEMF-stimulated (magnetic field: 2 mT, amplitude: 5 mV) mesenchymal cell lineages. After PEMF exposure, in comparison with ASCs, BM-MSCs showed an increase in cell proliferation (p
Investigation of Low-level Laser Therapy Potentiality on Proliferation and Differentiation of Human Osteoblast-like Cells in the Absence/presence of Osteogenic Factors Journal of Biomedical Optics. Dec, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 24365957 Several studies have shown that low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) has beneficial effects on bone regeneration. The objective of this study was to examine the in vitro effects of LLLI on proliferation and differentiation of a human osteoblast-like cell line (Saos-2 cell line). Cultured cells were exposed to different doses of LLLI with a semiconductor diode laser (659 nm; 10 mW power output). The effects of laser on proliferation were assessed daily up to seven days of culture in cells irradiated once or for three consecutive days with laser doses of 1 or 3 J/cm(2). The obtained results showed that laser stimulation enhances the proliferation potential of Saos-2 cells without changing their telomerase pattern or morphological characteristics. The effects on cell differentiation were assessed after three consecutive laser irradiation treatments in the presence or absence of osteo-inductive factors on day 14. Enhanced secretion of proteins specific for differentiation toward bone as well as calcium deposition and alkaline phosphatase activity were observed in irradiated cells cultured in a medium not supplemented with osteogenic factors. Taken together these findings indicate that laser treatment enhances the in vitro proliferation of Saos-2 cells, and also influences their osteogenic maturation, which suggest it is a helpful application for bone tissue regeneration.
Low-amplitude High Frequency Vibration Down-regulates Myostatin and Atrogin-1 Expression, Two Components of the Atrophy Pathway in Muscle Cells Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine. May, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 22711460 Whole body vibration (WBV) is a very widespread mechanical stimulus used in physical therapy, rehabilitation and fitness centres. It has been demonstrated that vibration induces improvements in muscular strength and performance and increases bone density. We investigated the effects of low-amplitude, high frequency vibration (HFV) at the cellular and tissue levels in muscle. We developed a system to produce vibrations adapted to test several parameters in vitro and in vivo. For in vivo experiments, we used newborn CD1 wild-type mice, for in vitro experiments, we isolated satellite cells from 6-day-old CD1 mice, while for proliferation studies, we used murine cell lines. Animals and cells were treated with high frequency vibration at 30 Hz. We analyzed the effects of mechanical stimulation on muscle hypertrophy/atrophy pathways, fusion enhancement of myoblast cells and modifications in the proliferation rate of cells. Results demonstrated that mechanical vibration strongly down-regulates atrophy genes both in vivo and in vitro. The in vitro experiments indicated that mechanical stimulation promotes fusion of satellite cells treated directly in culture compared to controls. Finally, proliferation experiments indicated that stimulated cells had a decreased growth rate compared to controls. We concluded that vibration treatment at 30 Hz is effective in suppressing the atrophy pathway both in vivo and in vitro and enhances fusion of satellite muscle cells.
Molecular Signature of Amniotic Fluid Derived Stem Cells in the Fetal Sheep Model of Myelomeningocele Journal of Pediatric Surgery. Sep, 2015 | Pubmed ID: 26026346 Abnormal cord development results in spinal cord damage responsible for myelomeningocele (MMC). Amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (AFSCs) have emerged as a potential candidate for applications in regenerative medicine. However, their differentiation potential is largely unknown as well as the molecular signaling orchestrating the accurate spinal cord development. Fetal lambs underwent surgical creation of neural tube defect and its subsequent repair. AFSCs were isolated, cultured and characterized at the 12th (induction of MMC), 16th (repair of malformation), and 20th week of gestation (delivery). After performing open hysterectomy, AF collections on fetuses with sham procedures at the same time points as the MMC creation group have been used as controls. Cytological analyses with the colony forming unit assay, XTT and alkaline-phosphatase staining, qRT-PCR gene expression analyses (normalized with aged match controls) and NMR metabolomics profiling were performed. Here we show for the first time the metabolomics and molecular signature variation in AFSCs isolated in the sheep model of MMC, which may be used as diagnostic tools for the in utero identification of the neural tube damage. Intriguingly, PAX3 gene involved in the murine model for spina bifida is modulated in AFSCs reaching the peak of expression at 16 weeks of gestation, 4 weeks after the intervention. Our data strongly suggest that AFSCs reorganize their differentiation commitment in order to generate PAX3-expressing progenitors to counteract the MMC induced in the sheep model. The gene expression signature of AFSCs highlights the plasticity of these cells reflecting possible alterations of embryonic development.
Adult Stem Cells and Skeletal Muscle Regeneration Current Gene Therapy. 2015 | Pubmed ID: 26122100 Satellite cells are unipotent stem cells involved in muscle regeneration. However, the skeletal muscle microenvironment exerts a dominant influence over stem cell function. The cell intrinsic complexity of the skeletal muscle niche located within the connective tissue between fibers includes motor neurons, tendons, blood vessels, immune response mediators and interstitial cells. All these cell types modulate the trafficking of stimuli responsible of muscle fiber regeneration. In addition, several stem cell types have been discovered in skeletal muscle tissue, mainly located in the interstitium. The majority of these stem cells appears to directly contribute to myogenic differentiation, although some of them are mainly implicated in paracrine effects. This review focuses on adult stem cells, which have been used for therapeutic purposes, mainly in animal models of chronic muscle degeneration. Emerging literature identifies other myogenic progenitors generated from pluripotent stem cells as potential candidates for the treatment of skeletal muscle degeneration. However, adult stem cells still represent the gold standard for future comparative studies.
Mesodermal IPSC-derived Progenitor Cells Functionally Regenerate Cardiac and Skeletal Muscle The Journal of Clinical Investigation. Dec, 2015 | Pubmed ID: 26571398 Conditions such as muscular dystrophies (MDs) that affect both cardiac and skeletal muscles would benefit from therapeutic strategies that enable regeneration of both of these striated muscle types. Protocols have been developed to promote induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to differentiate toward cardiac or skeletal muscle; however, there are currently no strategies to simultaneously target both muscle types. Tissues exhibit specific epigenetic alterations; therefore, source-related lineage biases have the potential to improve iPSC-driven multilineage differentiation. Here, we determined that differential myogenic propensity influences the commitment of isogenic iPSCs and a specifically isolated pool of mesodermal iPSC-derived progenitors (MiPs) toward the striated muscle lineages. Differential myogenic propensity did not influence pluripotency, but did selectively enhance chimerism of MiP-derived tissue in both fetal and adult skeletal muscle. When injected into dystrophic mice, MiPs engrafted and repaired both skeletal and cardiac muscle, reducing functional defects. Similarly, engraftment into dystrophic mice of canine MiPs from dystrophic dogs that had undergone TALEN-mediated correction of the MD-associated mutation also resulted in functional striatal muscle regeneration. Moreover, human MiPs exhibited the same capacity for the dual differentiation observed in murine and canine MiPs. The findings of this study suggest that MiPs should be further explored for combined therapy of cardiac and skeletal muscles.
Osteogenic Potential of Human Oral-Periosteal Cells (PCs) Isolated From Different Oral Origin: An In Vitro Study Journal of Cellular Physiology. Mar, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 26206324 The periosteum is a specialized connective tissue containing multipotent stem cells capable of bone formation. In this study, we aimed at demonstrating that human oral periosteal cells derived from three different oral sites (upper vestibule, lower vestibule, and hard palate) represent an innovative cell source for maxillo-facial tissue engineering applications in terms of accessibility and self-commitment towards osteogenic lineage. Periosteal cells (PCs) were isolated from patients with different ages (20-30 yy, 40-50 yy, 50-60 yy); we then analyzed the in vitro proliferation capacity and the bone self-commitment of cell clones culturing them without any osteogenic supplement to support their differentiation. We found that oral PCs, independently of their origin and age of patients, are mesenchymal stem cells with stem cell characteristics (clonogenical and proliferative activity) and that, even in absence of any osteogenic induction, they undertake the osteoblast lineage after 45 days of culture. These results suggest that oral periosteal cells could replace mesenchymal cells from bone marrow in oral tissue-engineering applications. J. Cell. Physiol. 231: 607-612, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.