Articles by Jan Frenzel in JoVE
Eksperimentelle metoder for undersøkelse av Shape Memory Basert Elastocaloric Kjøle Prosesser og Modell Validation Marvin Schmidt1,2, Johannes Ullrich2, André Wieczorek3, Jan Frenzel3, Gunther Eggeler3, Andreas Schütze1, Stefan Seelecke2 1Lab for Measurement Technology, Saarland University, 2Intelligent Material Systems Lab, Saarland University, 3Lab for Material Science, Ruhr Universität Bochum
Other articles by Jan Frenzel on PubMed
Three-Dimensional Cu Foam-Supported Single Crystalline Mesoporous Cu2O Nanothorn Arrays for Ultra-Highly Sensitive and Efficient Nonenzymatic Detection of Glucose ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. Sep, 2015 | Pubmed ID: 26305112 Highly sensitive and efficient biosensors play a crucial role in clinical, environmental, industrial, and agricultural applications, and tremendous efforts have been dedicated to advanced electrode materials with superior electrochemical activities and low cost. Here, we report a three-dimensional binder-free Cu foam-supported Cu2O nanothorn array electrode developed via facile electrochemistry. The nanothorns growing in situ along the specific direction of have single crystalline features and a mesoporous surface. When being used as a potential biosensor for nonenzyme glucose detection, the hybrid electrode exhibits multistage linear detection ranges with ultrahigh sensitivities (maximum of 97.9 mA mM(-1) cm(-2)) and an ultralow detection limit of 5 nM. Furthermore, the electrode presents outstanding selectivity and stability toward glucose detection. The distinguished performances endow this novel electrode with powerful reliability for analyzing human serum samples. These unprecedented sensing characteristics could be ascribed to the synergistic action of superior electrochemical catalytic activity of nanothorn arrays with dramatically enhanced surface area and intimate contact between the active material (Cu2O) and current collector (Cu foam), concurrently supplying good conductivity for electron/ion transport during glucose biosensing. Significantly, our findings could guide the fabrication of new metal oxide nanostructures with well-organized morphologies and unique properties as well as low materials cost.
Characterization of Mechanical Properties of Hydroxyapatite-silicon-multi Walled Carbon Nano Tubes Composite Coatings Synthesized by EPD on NiTi Alloys for Biomedical Application Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. Feb, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 26897095 Release of Ni(1+) ions from NiTi alloy into tissue environment, biological response on the surface of NiTi and the allergic reaction of atopic people towards Ni are challengeable issues for biomedical application. In this study, composite coatings of hydroxyapatite-silicon multi walled carbon nano-tubes with 20wt% Silicon and 1wt% multi walled carbon nano-tubes of HA were deposited on a NiTi substrate using electrophoretic methods. The SEM images of coated samples exhibit a continuous and compact morphology for hydroxyapatite-silicon and hydroxyapatite-silicon-multi walled carbon nano-tubes coatings. Nano-indentation analysis on different locations of coatings represents the highest elastic modulus (45.8GPa) for HA-Si-MWCNTs which is between the elastic modulus of NiTi substrate (66.5GPa) and bone tissue (≈30GPa). This results in decrease of stress gradient on coating-substrate-bone interfaces during performance. The results of nano-scratch analysis show the highest critical distance of delamination (2.5mm) and normal load before failure (837mN) as well as highest critical contact pressure for hydroxyapatite-silicon-multi walled carbon nano-tubes coating. The cell culture results show that human mesenchymal stem cells are able to adhere and proliferate on the pure hydroxyapatite and composite coatings. The presence of both silicon and multi walled carbon nano-tubes (CS3) in the hydroxyapatite coating induce more adherence of viable human mesenchymal stem cells in contrast to the HA coated samples with only silicon (CS2). These results make hydroxyapatite-silicon-multi walled carbon nano-tubes a promising composite coating for future bone implant application.