Articles by Jessica T. Chang in JoVE
An Assay for Permeability of the Zebrafish Embryonic Neuroepithelium Jessica T. Chang1,2, Hazel Sive1,2 1Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2Whitehead Institute of Biomedical Research We describe a live whole animal quantitative measurement for permeability of the embryonic zebrafish brain. The technique analyzes the ability to retain cerebrospinal fluid and molecules of different molecular weights within the neural tube lumen and quantifies their movement out of the ventricles. This method is useful for determining differences in epithelial permeability and maturation during development and disease.
Manual Drainage of the Zebrafish Embryonic Brain Ventricles Jessica T. Chang1, Hazel Sive1 1Department of Biology, Whitehead Institute of Biomedical Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology We present a method to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and to create a system which lacks CSF within the embryonic zebrafish brain ventricular system. This allows for further examination of CSF composition and its requirement during embryonic brain development.
Other articles by Jessica T. Chang on PubMed
Multiple Roles for the Na,K-ATPase Subunits, Atp1a1 and Fxyd1, During Brain Ventricle Development Developmental Biology. Aug, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22683378 Formation of the vertebrate brain ventricles requires both production of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and its retention in the ventricles. The Na,K-ATPase is required for brain ventricle development, and we show here that this protein complex impacts three associated processes. The first requires both the alpha subunit (Atp1a1) and the regulatory subunit, Fxyd1, and leads to formation of a cohesive neuroepithelium, with continuous apical junctions. The second process leads to modulation of neuroepithelial permeability, and requires Atp1a1, which increases permeability with partial loss of function and decreases it with overexpression. In contrast, fxyd1 overexpression does not alter neuroepithelial permeability, suggesting that its activity is limited to neuroepithelium formation. RhoA regulates both neuroepithelium formation and permeability, downstream of the Na,K-ATPase. A third process, likely to be CSF production, is RhoA-independent, requiring Atp1a1, but not Fxyd1. Consistent with a role for Na,K-ATPase pump function, the inhibitor ouabain prevents neuroepithelium formation, while intracellular Na(+) increases after Atp1a1 and Fxyd1 loss of function. These data include the first reported role for Fxyd1 in the developing brain, and indicate that the Na,K-ATPase regulates three aspects of brain ventricle development essential for normal function: formation of a cohesive neuroepithelium, restriction of neuroepithelial permeability, and production of CSF.