Articles by Kyungyong Choi in JoVE
Label-free Neutrophil Enrichment from Patient-derived Airway Secretion Using Closed-loop Inertial Microfluidics Hyunryul Ryu1, Kyungyong Choi1,2, Yanyan Qu3, Taehong Kwon1,2, Janet S. Lee3,5, Jongyoon Han1,2,4 1Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 3Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, 4Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 5Vascular Medicine Institute, University of Pittsburgh In this research, we demonstrate a label-free neutrophil separation method from clinical airway secretions using closed-loop operation of spiral inertial microfluidics. The proposed method would expand the clinical in vitro assays for various respiratory diseases.
Other articles by Kyungyong Choi on PubMed
Patient-Derived Airway Secretion Dissociation Technique To Isolate and Concentrate Immune Cells Using Closed-Loop Inertial Microfluidics Analytical Chemistry. May, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28402103 Assessment of airway secretion cells, both for research and clinical purposes, is a highly desired goal in patients with acute and chronic pulmonary diseases. However, lack of proper cell isolation and enrichment techniques hinder downstream evaluation and characterization of cells found in airway secretions. Here, we demonstrate a novel enrichment method to capture immune-related cells from clinical airway secretions using closed-loop separation of spiral inertial microfluidics (C-sep). By recirculating the output focusing stream back to the input reservoir and running continuously with a high flow processing rate, one can achieve optimal concentration, recovery and purity of airway immune cells from a large volume of diluent, which was not readily possible in the single-pass operation. Our method reproducibly recovers 94.0% of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs), with up to 10 PMNs in clear diluted buffer from 50 μL of airway secretions obtained from mechanically ventilated patients. We show that C-sep isolated PMNs show higher neutrophil elastase (NE) release following activation by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) than cells isolated by conventional mucolytic method. By capturing cells without chemically disrupting their potential function, our method is expected to expand the possibility of clinical in vitro cell based biological assays for various pulmonary diseases such as acute respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, and bronchiectasis.
Negative Selection by Spiral Inertial Microfluidics Improves Viral Recovery and Sequencing from Blood Analytical Chemistry. Apr, 2018 | Pubmed ID: 29536737 In blood samples from patients with viral infection, it is often important to separate viral particles from human cells, for example, to minimize background in performing viral whole genome sequencing. Here, we present a microfluidic device that uses spiral inertial microfluidics with continuous circulation to separate host cells from viral particles and free nucleic acid. We demonstrate that this device effectively reduces white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets from both whole blood and plasma samples with excellent recovery of viral nucleic acid. Furthermore, microfluidic separation leads to greater viral genome coverage and depth, highlighting an important application of this device in processing clinical samples for viral genome sequencing.