Articles by Miriam Filippi in JoVE
Non-invasive Parenchymal, Vascular and Metabolic High-frequency Ultrasound and Photoacoustic Rat Deep Brain Imaging Pierangela Giustetto1,2, Miriam Filippi2, Mauro Castano3, Enzo Terreno1,2 1Center for Preclinical Imaging, Department of Molecular Biotechnology and Health Sciences, University of Turin, 2Molecular Imaging Center, Department of Molecular Biotechnology and Health Sciences, University of Turin, 3Bracco Research Center, Bracco Imaging SpA The present work describes a new protocol to perform non-invasive high-frequency ultrasound and photoacoustic based imaging on rat brain, to efficiently visualize deep subcortical regions and their vascular patterns by directing signals on skull foramina naturally present on animal cranium.
Other articles by Miriam Filippi on PubMed
Chronic Hypoxia Reprograms Human Immature Dendritic Cells by Inducing a Proinflammatory Phenotype and TREM-1 Expression European Journal of Immunology. Apr, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23436478 DCs are powerful antigen-presenting cells central in the orchestration of innate and acquired immunity. DC development, migration, and activities are intrinsically linked to the microenvironment. DCs migrate through pathologic tissues before reaching their final destination in the lymph nodes. Hypoxia, a condition of low partial oxygen pressure, is a common feature of many pathologic situations, capable of modifying DC phenotype and functional behavior. We studied human monocyte-derived immature DCs generated under chronic hypoxic conditions (H-iDCs). We demonstrate by gene expression profiling the upregulation of a cluster of genes coding for antigen-presentation, immunoregulatory, and pattern recognition receptors, suggesting a stimulatory role for hypoxia on iDC immunoregulatory functions. In particular, we show that H-iDCs express triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells(TREM-1), a member of the Ig superfamily of immunoreceptors and an amplifier of inflammation. This effect is reversible because H-iDC reoxygenation results in TREM-1 down-modulation. TREM-1 engagement promotes upregulation of T-cell costimulatory molecules and homing chemokine receptors, typical of mature DCs, and increases the production of proinflammatory, Th1/Th17-priming cytokines/chemokines, resulting in increased T-cell responses. These results suggest that TREM-1 induction by the hypoxic microenvironment represents a mechanism of regulation of Th1-cell trafficking and activation by iDCs differentiated at pathologic sites.
Dendrimersomes: a New Vesicular Nano-platform for MR-molecular Imaging Applications Chemical Communications (Cambridge, England). Apr, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24553970 A new class of nanovesicles formed by the self-assembly of amphiphilic Janus dendrimers, dendrimersomes, loaded with hydrophilic or amphiphilic magnetic resonance imaging chelates shows promising properties as a novel, efficient and versatile nanoplatform for biomedical imaging.