Articles by Ranjan Maity in JoVE
GST-la sua purificazione: A Two-step Affinity Purification protocollo Cedendo Full-length proteine purificate Ranjan Maity*1, Joris Pauty*1, Jana Krietsch*1, Rémi Buisson1, Marie-Michelle Genois1, Jean-Yves Masson1 1Genome Stability Laboratory, Oncology Axis, Hôtel-Dieu de Québec Nel presente protocollo, si dimostra un metodo altamente efficiente e conveniente purificazione di proteine su piccola scala, che permette la purificazione di proteine ricombinanti, combinando in modo univoco un scindibile GST-tag e un piccolo His-tag.
Other articles by Ranjan Maity on PubMed
Co-chaperone CHIP Stabilizes Aggregate-prone Malin, a Ubiquitin Ligase Mutated in Lafora Disease The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Jan, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 19892702 Lafora disease (LD) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutation in either the dual specificity phosphatase laforin or ubiquitin ligase malin. A pathological hallmark of LD is the accumulation of cytoplasmic polyglucosan inclusions commonly known as Lafora bodies in both neuronal and non-neuronal tissues. How mutations in these two proteins cause disease pathogenesis is not well understood. Malin interacts with laforin and recruits to aggresomes upon proteasome inhibition and was shown to degrade misfolded proteins. Here we report that malin is spontaneously misfolded and tends to be aggregated, degraded by proteasomes, and forms not only aggresomes but also other cytoplasmic and nuclear aggregates in all transfected cells upon proteasomal inhibition. Malin also interacts with Hsp70. Several disease-causing mutants of malin are comparatively more unstable than wild type and form aggregates in most transfected cells even without the inhibition of proteasome function. These cytoplasmic and nuclear aggregates are immunoreactive to ubiquitin and 20 S proteasome. Interestingly, progressive proteasomal dysfunction and cell death is also most frequently observed in the mutant malin-overexpressed cells compared with the wild-type counterpart. Finally, we demonstrate that the co-chaperone carboxyl terminus of the Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP) stabilizes malin by modulating the activity of Hsp70. All together, our results suggest that malin is unstable, and the aggregate-prone protein and co-chaperone CHIP can modulate its stability.
Capsaicin Induces Apoptosis Through Ubiquitin-proteasome System Dysfunction Journal of Cellular Biochemistry. Apr, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20069556 Capsaicin is an active component of red pepper having an antiproliferative effect in a variety of cancer cells, which recent evidence suggests due to its ability to induce apoptosis. However, the molecular mechanisms through which capsaicin induces apoptosis are not well understood. Here we demonstrate that capsaicin-induced apoptosis is mediated via the inhibition cellular proteasome function. Treatment of capsaicin to mouse neuro 2a cells results in the inhibition of proteasome activity in a dose- and time-dependent manner that seems to correlate with its effect on cell death. The effect of capsaicin on cellular proteasome function is indirect and probably mediated via the generation of oxidative stress. Exposure of capsaicin also causes increased accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins as wells as various target substrates of proteasome like p53 and Bax and p27. Like many other classical proteasome inhibitors, capsaicin also triggers the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis involving mitochondria and induces neurite outgrowth. Our results strongly support for the use of capsaicin as an anticancer drug.
Sequestration of Chaperones and Proteasome into Lafora Bodies and Proteasomal Dysfunction Induced by Lafora Disease-associated Mutations of Malin Human Molecular Genetics. Dec, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20858601 Lafora disease (LD) is an autosomal recessive progressive myoclonic epilepsy characterized by the presence of intracellular polyglucosan inclusions commonly known as Lafora bodies in many tissues, including the brain, liver and skin. The disease is caused by mutations in either EPM2A gene, encoding the protein phosphatase, laforin, or EPM2B gene, encoding the ubiquitin ligase, malin. But how mutations in these two genes cause disease pathogenesis is poorly understood. In this study, we show that the Lafora bodies in the axillary skin and brain stain positively for the ubiquitin, the 20S proteasome and the molecular chaperones Hsp70/Hsc70. Interestingly, mutant malins that are misfolded also frequently colocalizes with Lafora bodies in the skin biopsy sample of the respective LD patient. The expression of disease-causing mutations of malin in Cos-7 cells results in the formation of the profuse cytoplasmic aggregates that colocalize with the Hsp70/Hsc70 chaperones and the 20S proteasome. The mutant malin expressing cells also exhibit proteasomal dysfunction and cell death. Overexpression of Hsp70 decreases the frequency of the mutant malin aggregation and protects from mutant malin-induced cell death. These findings suggest that Lafora bodies consist of abnormal proteins, including mutant malin, targeted by the chaperones or the proteasome for their refolding or clearance, and failure of these quality control systems could lead to LD pathogenesis. Our data also indicate that the Hsp70 chaperone could be a potential therapeutic target of LD.