Articles by Rostem J. Irani in JoVE
Biomolecular Detection employing the Interferometric Reflectance Imaging Sensor (IRIS) Carlos A. Lopez1, George G. Daaboul2, Sunmin Ahn2, Alexander P. Reddington1, Margo R. Monroe2, Xirui Zhang2, Rostem J. Irani3, Chunxiao Yu4,5, Caroline A. Genco4,5, Marina Cretich6, Marcella Chiari6, Bennett B. Goldberg1, John H. Connor5, M. Selim Ünlü1,2 1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston University, 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, 3Center for Advanced Genomics Technology, Boston University, 4Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, Boston University School of Medicine, 5Department of Microbiology, Boston University School of Medicine, 6CNR (National Research Council), Istituto di Chimica del Riconoscimento Molecolare Quantitative, high-throughput, real-time, and label-free biomolecular detection (DNA, protein, etc.) on SiO2 surfaces can be achieved using a simple interferometric technique which relies on LED illumination, minimal optical components, and a camera. The Interferometric Reflectance Imaging Sensor (IRIS) is inexpensive, simple to use, and amenable to microarray formats.
Other articles by Rostem J. Irani on PubMed
The Synthesis of Anti-fixed 3-methyl-3-deaza-2'-deoxyadenosine and Other 3H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine Analogs Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids. Nov-Dec, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 12537017 Rotation of a heterocyclic base around a glycosidic bond allows the formation of syn and anti conformations in nucleosides. The syn conformation has been observed primarily in purine-purine mismatches in DNA duplexes. Such mismatches give rise to false positive oligonucleotide hybridization in DNA-based diagnostics. Here we describe the synthesis of an analog of 2'-deoxyadenosine that retains its Watson-Crick functional groups, but cannot form the syn conformation. In this analog, the N3 atom of 2'-deoxyadenosine is replaced by a C-CH3 group to give 7-methyl-1-beta-D-deoxyribofuranosyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-ylamine or 3-methyl-3-deaza-2'-deoxyadenosine (3mddA). This modification sterically prevents the syn conformation and 3mddA becomes an anti-fixed nucleoside analog of 2'-deoxyadenosine. The synthesis and conformational analysis of 3mddA and several analogs with an 3H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine skeleton are described, as well as their potential applications.
Resonant Cavity Imaging: A Means Toward High-Throughput Label-Free Protein Detection IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics : a Publication of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-optics Society. 2008 | Pubmed ID: 19823593 The resonant cavity imaging biosensor (RCIB) is an optical technique for detecting molecular binding interactions label free at many locations in parallel that employs an optical resonant cavity for high sensitivity. Near-infrared light centered at 1512.5 nm couples resonantly through a Fabry-Perot cavity constructed from dielectric reflectors (Si/SiO(2)), one of which serves as the binding surface. As the wavelength is swept using a tunable laser, a near-infrared digital camera monitors cavity transmittance at each pixel. A wavelength shift in the local resonant response of the optical cavity indicates binding. Positioning the sensing surface with respect to the standing wave pattern of the electric field within the cavity controls the sensitivity with which the presence of bound molecules is detected. Transmitted intensity at thousands of pixel locations is recorded simultaneously in a 10 s, 5 nm scan. An initial proof-of-principle setup has been constructed. A test sample was fabricated with 25, 100-mum wide square features, each with a different density of 1-mum square depressions etched 12 nm into the SiO(2) surface. The average depth of each etched region was found with 0.05 nm rms precision. In a second test, avidin, bound selectively to biotin conjugated bovine serum albumin, was detected.
Label-free Microarray Imaging for Direct Detection of DNA Hybridization and Single-nucleotide Mismatches Biosensors & Bioelectronics. Mar, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20097056 A novel method is proposed for direct detection of DNA hybridization on microarrays. Optical interferometry is used for label-free sensing of biomolecular accumulation on glass surfaces, enabling dynamic detection of interactions. Capabilities of the presented method are demonstrated by high-throughput sensing of solid-phase hybridization of oligonucleotides. Hybridization of surface immobilized probes with 20 base pair-long target oligonucleotides was detected by comparing the label-free microarray images taken before and after hybridization. Through dynamic data acquisition during denaturation by washing the sample with low ionic concentration buffer, melting of duplexes with a single-nucleotide mismatch was distinguished from perfectly matching duplexes with high confidence interval (>97%). The presented technique is simple, robust, and accurate, and eliminates the need of using labels or secondary reagents to monitor the oligonucleotide hybridization.