Other Publications (1)
Articles by Soheila Rezaei Adariani in JoVE
High Precision FRET at Single-molecule Level for Biomolecule Structure Determination Junyan Ma1, Inna S. Yanez-Orozco2, Soheila Rezaei Adariani2, Drew Dolino3, Vasanthi Jayaraman3, Hugo Sanabria2 1Department of Chemistry, Clemson University, 2Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, 3Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Center for Membrane Biology, Graduate School for Biomedical Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center A protocol for high-precision FRET experiments at the single molecule level is presented here. Additionally, this methodology can be used to identify three conformational states in the ligand-binding domain of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. Determining precise distances is the first step towards building structural models based on FRET experiments.
Other articles by Soheila Rezaei Adariani on PubMed
Conformational Selection and Submillisecond Dynamics of the Ligand-binding Domain of the N-Methyl-d-aspartate Receptor The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Jul, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 27226581 The N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are heteromeric non-selective cation channels that require the binding of glycine and glutamate for gating. Based on crystal structures, the mechanism of partial agonism at the glycine-binding site is thought to be mediated by a shift in the conformational equilibrium between an open clamshell and a closed clamshell-like structure of the bilobed ligand-binding domain (LBD). Using single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (smFRET) and multiparameter fluorescence detection, which allows us to study the conformational states and dynamics in the submillisecond time scale, we show that there are at least three conformational states explored by the LBD: the low FRET, medium FRET, and high FRET states. The distance of the medium and low FRET states corresponds to what has been observed in crystallography structures. We show that the high FRET state, which would represent a more closed clamshell conformation than that observed in the crystal structure, is most likely the state initiating activation, as evidenced by the fact that the fraction of the protein in this state correlates well with the extent of activation. Furthermore, full agonist bound LBDs show faster dynamic motions between the medium and high FRET states, whereas they show slower dynamics when bound to weaker agonists or to antagonists.