Articles by Yuta Nonami in JoVE
Observation of the Ciliary Movement of Choroid Plexus Epithelial Cells Ex Vivo Takafumi Inoue1, Keishi Narita2, Yuta Nonami1, Hideki Nakamura1, Sen Takeda2 1Department of Life Science and Medical Bioscience, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 2Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine & Engineering, University of Yamanashi In this study, a detailed light microscopic technique was optimized for real-time observation and analysis of the motion of CPEC cilia ex vivo together with an electron microscopic method for ultrastructural analysis.
Other articles by Yuta Nonami on PubMed
Proteomic Analysis of Multiple Primary Cilia Reveals a Novel Mode of Ciliary Development in Mammals Biology Open. Aug, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 23213475 Cilia are structurally and functionally diverse organelles, whose malfunction leads to ciliopathies. While recent studies have uncovered common ciliary transport mechanisms, limited information is available on the proteome of cilia, particularly that of sensory subtypes, which could provide insight into their functional and developmental diversities. In the present study, we performed proteomic analysis of unique, multiple 9+0 cilia in choroid plexus epithelial cells (CPECs). The analysis of juvenile swine CPEC cilia identified 868 proteins. Among them, 396 were shared with the proteome of 9+0 photoreceptor cilia (outer segment), whereas only 152 were shared with the proteome of 9+2 cilia and flagella. Various signaling molecules were enriched in a CPEC-specific ciliome subset, implicating multiplicity of sensory functions. The ciliome also included molecules for ciliary motility such as Rsph9. In CPECs from juvenile swine or adult mouse, Rsph9 was localized to a subpopulation of cilia, whereas they were non-motile. Live imaging of mouse choroid plexus revealed that neonatal CPEC cilia could beat vigorously, and the motility waned and was lost within 1-2 weeks. The beating characteristics of neonatal CPEC cilia were variable and different from those of typical 9+2 cilia of ependyma, yet an Efhc1-mediated mechanism to regulate the beating frequency was shared in both types of cilia. Notably, ultrastructural analysis revealed the presence of not only 9+0 but also 9+2 and atypical ciliary subtypes in neonatal CPEC. Overall, these results identified both conserved and variable components of sensory cilia, and demonstrated a novel mode of ciliary development in mammals.
Developmental Changes in Ciliary Motility on Choroid Plexus Epithelial Cells During the Perinatal Period Cytoskeleton (Hoboken, N.J.). Dec, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23959957 Cilia have crucial roles in various developmental and physiological events. Previously, we reported that choroid plexus epithelial cells (CPECs) have multiple, nonmotile 9+0 cilia, but the cilia exhibit transient motility with variable axonemal arrangements in the neonatal period. These features make these cilia unique, as they do not fit in to the traditional categories of primary or motile cilia, and their physiological roles remain elusive. To address this issue, we studied ciliary motility on CPECs through development, with particular interest in the embryonic period. In the fetal choroid plexus of the lateral ventricles, the proportion of cells with motile cilia and their beat frequency increased over time. The ciliary motility profiles peaked near the day of birth, and gradually declined in the two weeks thereafter. The dynamic changes in ciliary motility correlated with changes in Dnahc11 expression. We demonstrated previously that the ciliary motility at P2 was insufficient to produce detectable fluid flow; thus it appears that CPEC cilia do not produce fluid flow at any point during development. Together, our results suggest that a temporally regulated, unique function of CPEC cilia may exist during the perinatal period.