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Cerebral Palsy: A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see Muscle spasticity) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with Leukomalacia, Periventricular. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)

Isokinetic Robotic Device to Improve Test-Retest and Inter-Rater Reliability for Stretch Reflex Measurements in Stroke Patients with Spasticity

1Department of Medical Assistant Robot, Daegu Research Center, Korea Institute of Machinery & Materials, 2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 3School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University/IAMD

JoVE 59814

 Bioengineering

Derivation of Glial Restricted Precursors from E13 mice

1Hugo W. Moser Research Institute at Kennedy Krieger, Johns Hopkins University, 2Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 3University of Maryland, 4Experimental Neurology, Biogen Idec, 5The Brain Science Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 6Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

JoVE 3462

 Neuroscience

Adapting Human Videofluoroscopic Swallow Study Methods to Detect and Characterize Dysphagia in Murine Disease Models

1Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Missouri, 2Department of Communication Science and Disorders, University of Missouri, 3Department of Medicine, University of Missouri

JoVE 52319

 Medicine

Stimulation Location Determination using a 3D Digitizer with High-Definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation

1Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, 2Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality, Ministry of Education, Southwest University, 3Southwest University Branch, Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment toward Basic Education Quality at Beijing Normal University, 4Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 5Chongqing Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 60263

 JoVE In-Press

Non-Invasive Modulation and Robotic Mapping of Motor Cortex in the Developing Brain

1Department of Neurosciences, University of Calgary, 2Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, 3Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, 4Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, 5Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, 6Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, 7Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary

JoVE 59594

 Neuroscience

The Combined Use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Robotic Therapy for the Upper Limb

1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Instituto de Reabilitação Lucy Montoro, 2Laboratory of Neuromodulation, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School

JoVE 58495

 Neuroscience

Rodent Behavioral Testing to Assess Functional Deficits Caused by Microelectrode Implantation in the Rat Motor Cortex

1Advanced Platform Technology Center, Rehabilitation Research and Development, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University

JoVE 57829

 Bioengineering

Clinical-oriented Three-dimensional Gait Analysis Method for Evaluating Gait Disorder

1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, School of Medicine, Fujita Health University, 2Faculty of Rehabilitation, School of Health Science, Fujita Health University, 3Department of Rehabilitation, Fujita Health University Hospital, 4Department of Advanced Rehabilitation Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine

JoVE 57063

 Behavior

Neurobehavioral Assessments in a Mouse Model of Neonatal Hypoxic-ischemic Brain Injury

1Department and Research Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 2Brain Korea 21 PLUS Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University, 3Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, 4Rehabilitation Institute of Neuromuscular Disease, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 5Graduate Program of NanoScience and Technology, Yonsei University

JoVE 55838

 Neuroscience

A Method for Quantifying Upper Limb Performance in Daily Life Using Accelerometers

1Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, 2Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, 3Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, 4Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 5Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University

JoVE 55673

 Medicine

Ultrasound-guided Botulinum Toxin-A Injections: A Method of Treating Sialorrhea

1Clinical and Biological Sciences Department, Neurology Unit, University of Torino, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, 2Oncology Department, Radiology Unit, University of Torino, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, 3Clinical and Biological Sciences Department, Dietologic and Nutrition Unit, University of Torino, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital

JoVE 54606

 Medicine
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