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Horseshoe Crabs: An arthropod subclass (Xiphosura) comprising the North American (Limulus) and Asiatic (Tachypleus) genera of horseshoe crabs.

Migration

JoVE 10917

Migration is long-range, seasonal movement from one region or habitat to another. This common strategy, carried out by many different organisms around the world, is an adaptive response that typically corresponds to changes in an organism’s environment, like resource availability or climate. Migrations can involve huge groups of thousands of animals as well as single individuals traveling alone and can range from thousands of kilometers to just a few hundred meters. For many migratory species, food resources are a major driving force behind the migratory movement. The Mexican long-nosed bat is a nectarivore that feeds on the flowers of plants (including agave) and undertakes seasonal migration tied to food availability, which varies seasonally. Outside of the relatively stable climates of the tropics and subtropics, resource-based migration may also be tightly linked to climate. For example, beginning in early fall, Monarch butterflies migrate from Canada and the northern United States to the forests of Mexico to overwinter. This is linked to the seasonal availability of their host plant, milkweed, but also intrinsically to climate, as the butterflies would be unable to survive in the low temperatures of winter in higher latitudes. Additionally, animals may undertake migrations to breed or produce young. Adult Atlantic horseshoe crab

 Core: Behavior
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