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Use of the Operant Orofacial Pain Assessment Device (OPAD) to Measure Changes in Nociceptive Behavior

1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Florida College of Dentistry, 2Department of Neuroscience, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida College of Medicine, 3Stoelting Co., 4Department of Orthodontics, University of Florida

JoVE 50336


 Behavior

A Protocol for Measuring Cue Reactivity in a Rat Model of Cocaine Addiction

1Center for Addiction Research, University of Texas Medical Branch, 2Department of Neurology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 3Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 4Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 5Institute for Translational Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, 6Mitchell Center for Neurodegenerative Disease, University of Texas Medical Branch

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 55864


 JoVE In-Press

Assessment of Ultrasonic Vocalizations During Drug Self-administration in Rats

1College of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Texas at Austin, 2The Waggoner Center of Addiction and Alcohol Research, University of Texas at Austin, 3Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 4Institute for Neuroscience, University of Texas at Austin, 5Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin

JoVE 2041


 Neuroscience

An Objective and Reproducible Test of Olfactory Learning and Discrimination in Mice

1Program in Developmental Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, 2Medical Scientist Training Program, Baylor College of Medicine, 3Department of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, 4Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, 5Jan and Dan Duncan Neurological Research Institute at Texas Children's Hospital

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 57142


 JoVE In-Press

Examination of Rapid Dopamine Dynamics with Fast Scan Cyclic Voltammetry During Intra-oral Tastant Administration in Awake Rats

1Interdepartmental Neuroscience Program, Yale University, 2Department of Biotechnical and Clinical Laboratory Sciences, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, 3Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, 4Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale School of Medicine

JoVE 52468


 Behavior

Positive Reinforcement Studies

JoVE 5426

Researchers study learning of a behavior through the use of operant conditioning. This type of learning involves associating the behavior with a consequence, which is a reward or punishment. If the consequence is a reward, it leads to reinforcement of the desired behavior. One type of reinforcement approach is positive reinforcement, where the behavior is rewarded with an artificial, natural, or social reinforcer. Studies using positive reinforcement as a tool can help tease out important details about neurological functioning associated with different behaviors. This video reviews the concepts behind reinforcement studies by using an example of a man training a dog to sit. Following this, we look at a generalized procedure of positive reinforcement commonly used by behavioral researchers. This involves, training rodents to perform a behavior (lever press) to get a reward (food). Lastly, specific applications demonstrate how scientists use positive reinforcement to understand behavior.


 Behavioral Science

Tickling, a Technique for Inducing Positive Affect When Handling Rats

1Center for the Study of Animal Well-being, Department of Integrative Physiology and Neuroscience, Washington State University, 2Canadian Council on Animal Care, 3Department of Animal Sciences, Center for Animal Welfare Science, College of Agriculture, Purdue University, 4Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Faculty of Biosciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 57190


 JoVE In-Press

A Protocol for the Administration of Real-Time fMRI Neurofeedback Training

1Office of the Vice President for Research and Graduate Studies, Wright State University, 2Department of Biomedical, Industrial and Human Factors Engineering, Wright State University, 3Pediatric Radiology and Medical Imaging, Dayton Children's Hospital, 4Department of Trauma Care and Surgery, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, 5Department of Defense Hearing Center of Excellence, JBSA-Lackland, 6Department of Neurology, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University

JoVE 55543


 Neuroscience

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