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Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.

Murine In Utero Electroporation

JoVE 5208

In utero electroporation is an important technique for studying the molecular mechanisms that guide the proliferation, differentiation, migration, and maturation of cells during neural development. Electroporation enables the rapid and targeted delivery of material into cells by utilizing electrical pulses to create transient pores in cell membranes. Although electroporation has traditionally been used in in vitro studies, scientific advancements have now broadened its utilization to intact organs, such as those found in mouse embryos developing in utero. This video will introduce the key principles behind in utero electroporation in addition to reviewing the basic surgical techniques required to access developing embryos within a pregnant rodent. Details of the injection and electroporation steps are provided along with important considerations for directing gene delivery to specific brain regions. Finally, neurobiological applications of in utero electroporation are presented, such as investigating how specific genes contribute to neural development and how connections form between developing neurons.


 Neuroscience

Abdominal Exam I: Inspection and Auscultation

JoVE 10088

Source: Alexander Goldfarb, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, MA

Gastrointestinal disease accounts for millions of office visits and hospital admissions annually. Physical examination of the abdomen is a crucial tool in diagnosing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract; in addition, it can help identify pathological processes in cardiovascular, urinary, and other systems. As physical examination in general, the examination of the abdominal region is important for establishing physician-patient contact, for reaching the preliminary diagnosis and selecting subsequent laboratory and imaging tests, and determining the urgency of care. As with the other parts of a physical examination, visual inspection and auscultation of the abdomen are done in a systematic fashion so that no potential findings are missed. Special attention should be paid to potential problems already identified by the patient's history. Here we assume that the patient has already been identified, and has had history taken, symptoms discussed, and areas of potential concern identified. In this video we will not review the patient's history; instead, we will go directly to the physical examination. Before we get to the examination, let's briefly review s


 Physical Examinations II

Considerations for Rodent Surgery

JoVE 10285

Source: Kay Stewart, RVT, RLATG, CMAR; Valerie A. Schroeder, RVT, RLATG. University of Notre Dame, IN

The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals1 dictates that rodent survival surgery be performed aseptically. Aseptic technique utilizes specific practices that minimize the contamination of the surgical site, including patient preparation, surgeon preparation, sterilization of instruments and other supplies, and the use of a clean and controlled environment. Presurgical planning, intraoperative monitoring, and postoperative care are essential for successful recovery of animals from survival surgeries.


 Lab Animal Research

Systematic Assessment of Well-Being in Mice for Procedures Using General Anesthesia

1Institute of Animal Welfare, Animal Behavior and Laboratory Animal Science, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, 2Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, 3German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), 4Unit of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Experimental Endocrinology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Veterinary Medicine

JoVE 57046


 Behavior

Description of a Novel, Surgically Implanted Neuromodulatory Technique Known As Bilateral Epidural Prefrontal Cortical Stimulation (Epcs) for Treatment-Resistant Depression (TRD)

1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, 2Department of Neurosciences, Medical University of South Carolina, 3Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, 4Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, 5American University of Beirut Medical Center

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 56043


 JoVE In-Press

Re-Arterialized Rat Partial Liver Transplantation with an in vivo Vessel-Oriented 70% Hepatectomy

1Department of Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, 2Reproductive Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, 3Department of Transplantation, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, 4Department of Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

JoVE 56392


 Medicine

Percutaneous Hepatic Perfusion (PHP) with Melphalan as a Treatment for Unresectable Metastases Confined to the Liver

1Department of Surgery, Leiden University Medical Centre, 2Department of Radiology, Leiden University Medical Centre, 3Department of Anesthesiology, Leiden University Medical Centre, 4Department of Extracorporeal Circulation, Leiden University Medical Centre, 5Department of Medical Oncology, Leiden University Medical Centre, 6Department of Surgery, Erasmus MC Cancer Institute

JoVE 53795


 Medicine

Non-restraining EEG Radiotelemetry: Epidural and Deep Intracerebral Stereotaxic EEG Electrode Placement

1Department of Neuropsychopharmacology, Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (Bundesinstitut für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte, BfArM), 2Molecular and Cellular Cognition Lab, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (Deutsches Zentrum für Neurodegenerative Erkrankungen, DZNE)

JoVE 54216


 Neuroscience

Intra-Operative Neural Monitoring of Thyroid Surgery in a Porcine Model

1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao-Kang Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, 2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, 3Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, 4Department of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, 5Department of Anesthesiology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, 6Laboratory Animal Center, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, 7Department of Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital and Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Surgical Translational Medicine, Jilin University, 8Division of Thyroid and Parathyroid Endocrine Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary; Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital; Department of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, 9Division for Endocrine Surgery, Department of Human Pathology in Adulthood and Child-hood "G. Barresi", University Hospital G. Martino, University of Messina, 10Department of Anesthesiology, Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao-Kang Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, 11Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 57919


 JoVE In-Press

Chronic Implantation of Whole-cortical Electrocorticographic Array in the Common Marmoset

1Laboratory for Molecular Analysis of Higher Brain Function, RIKEN Center for Brain Science, 2Laboratory for Marmoset Neural Architecture, RIKEN Center for Brain Science, 3Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine, 4Department of Ultrastructural Research, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58980


 JoVE In-Press

In Vitro Method to Control Concentrations of Halogenated Gases in Cultured Alveolar Epithelial Cells

1Department of Perioperative Medicine, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, 2Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche (CNRS UMR) 6293, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U1103, Laboratoire de Génétique, Reproduction et Développement (GReD), Université Clermont Auvergne, 3Department of Pharmacology, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, 4Nurse Anesthetist School, CHU Clermont-Ferrand

JoVE 58554


 Medicine

Laparoscopic Intracapsular Rotary-Cut Procedure: A Modified Myomectomy Procedure Facilitating Fertility Preservation

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, 2Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Gynecological Diagnostic Technology Research, 3Specialist of SZSM Project, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58410


 JoVE In-Press

Exploring the Potential of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Sheet on The Development of Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Vivo

1Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Department, King Abdullah International Medical Research Centre, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, 2College of Medicine, Experimental Surgery and Animal Laboratory, King Saud University

JoVE 57805


 Bioengineering

A Volumetric Method for Quantification of Cerebral Vasospasm in a Murine Model of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

1Department of Neurosurgery, Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg - University, 2Department of Neuroradiology, Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg - University, 3Platform for Biomaterial Research, Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg - University, 4Department of Anesthesiology, Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg - University

JoVE 57997


 Neuroscience

Objective Nociceptive Assessment in Ventilated ICU Patients: A Feasibility Study Using Pupillometry and the Nociceptive Flexion Reflex

1Multidisciplinary Pain Center, Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Antwerp University Hospital (UZA), University of Antwerp (UA), 2Multidisciplinary Pain Center (PCT), Antwerp University Hospital (UZA), 3Critical Care Medicine, Antwerp University Hospital (UZA), University of Antwerp (UA)

JoVE 57972


 Medicine

Induction of Nephrotic Syndrome in Mice by Retrobulbar Injection of Doxorubicin and Prevention of Volume Retention by Sustained Release Aprotinin

1Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetology, Vascular Disease, Nephrology and Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital Tübingen, 2Institute of Diabetes Research and Metabolic Diseases (IDM) of the Helmholtz Center Munich, University Tübingen, 3German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), University Tübingen

JoVE 57642


 Medicine

Laparoscopic Low Anterior Resection with Total Mesorectal Excision for Rectal Cancer

1Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 2Department of exclusive medical care center, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 3Department of General and Visceral Surgery, Red Cross Hospital of Munich

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 56907


 JoVE In-Press

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