In JoVE (1)

Other Publications (4)

Articles by James P.K. Armstrong in JoVE

 JoVE Bioengineering

Synthesis of Cationized Magnetoferritin for Ultra-fast Magnetization of Cells

1Bristol Centre for Functional Nanomaterials, University of Bristol, 2Department of Materials, Imperial College London, 3Self Assembly Group, CIC nanoGUNE, 4Ikebasque, Basque Foundation for Science, 5School of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Bristol, 6H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol

JoVE 54785

Other articles by James P.K. Armstrong on PubMed

Magnetizing DNA and Proteins Using Responsive Surfactants

Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). Dec, 2012  |  Pubmed ID: 22945776

DNA chains and their movement in solvent may now be controlled simply by surfactant binding and the switching "on" and "off" of a magnetic field adding a new paradigm to the study and control, condensation and manipulation of DNA (and other biomolecules). Such control is essential for biotechnological applications such as transfection and the regulation of gene suppression, as well as in materials science concerning soft molecular self-assemblies.

Artificial Membrane-binding Proteins Stimulate Oxygenation of Stem Cells During Engineering of Large Cartilage Tissue

Nature Communications. Jun, 2015  |  Pubmed ID: 26080734

Restricted oxygen diffusion can result in central cell necrosis in engineered tissue, a problem that is exacerbated when engineering large tissue constructs for clinical application. Here we show that pre-treating human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) with synthetic membrane-active myoglobin-polymer-surfactant complexes can provide a reservoir of oxygen capable of alleviating necrosis at the centre of hyaline cartilage. This is achieved through the development of a new cell functionalization methodology based on polymer-surfactant conjugation, which allows the delivery of functional proteins to the hMSC membrane. This new approach circumvents the need for cell surface engineering using protein chimerization or genetic transfection, and we demonstrate that the surface-modified hMSCs retain their ability to proliferate and to undergo multilineage differentiation. The functionalization technology is facile, versatile and non-disruptive, and in addition to tissue oxygenation, it should have far-reaching application in a host of tissue engineering and cell-based therapies.

3D Bioprinting Using a Templated Porous Bioink

Advanced Healthcare Materials. Jul, 2016  |  Pubmed ID: 27125336

3D tissue printing with adult stem cells is reported. A novel cell-containing multicomponent bioink is used in a two-step 3D printing process to engineer bone and cartilage architectures.

Effect of Bioconjugation on the Reduction Potential of Heme Proteins

Biomacromolecules. Oct, 2016  |  Pubmed ID: 27650815

The modification of protein surfaces employing cationic and anionic species enables the assembly of these biomaterials into highly sophisticated hierarchical structures. Such modifications can allow bioconjugates to retain or amplify their functionalities under conditions in which their native structure would be severely compromised. In this work, we assess the effect of this type of bioconjugation on the redox properties of two model heme proteins, that is, cytochrome c (CytC) and myoglobin (Mb). In particular, the work focuses on the sequential modification by 3-dimethylamino propylamine (DMAPA) and 4-nonylphenyl 3-sulfopropyl ether (S1) anionic surfactant. Bioconjugation with DMAPA and S1 are the initial steps in the generation of pure liquid proteins, which remain active in the absence of water and up to temperatures above 150 °C. Thin-layer spectroelectrochemistry reveals that DMAPA cationization leads to a distribution of bioconjugate structures featuring reduction potentials shifted up to 380 mV more negative than the native proteins. Analysis based on circular dichroism, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, and zeta potential measurements suggest that the shift in the reduction potentials are not linked to protein denaturation, but to changes in the spin state of the heme. These alterations of the spin states originate from subtle structural changes induced by DMAPA attachment. Interestingly, electrostatic coupling of anionic surfactant S1 shifts the reduction potential closer to that of the native protein, demonstrating that the modifications of the heme electronic configuration are linked to surface charges.

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