Articles by Stephanie Bisle in JoVE
Applying an Inducible Expression System to Study Interference of Bacterial Virulence Factors with Intracellular Signaling Christian Berens1,2, Stephanie Bisle3, Leonie Klingenbeck3, Anja Lührmann3 1Department Biologie, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität, 2Institut für Molekulare Pathogenese, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, 3Mikrobiologisches Institut - Klinische Mikrobiologie, Immunologie und Hygiene, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen The method described here is used to induce the apoptotic signaling cascade at defined steps in order to dissect the activity of an anti-apoptotic bacterial effector protein. This method can also be used for inducible expression of pro-apoptotic or toxic proteins, or for dissecting interference with other signaling pathways.
Other articles by Stephanie Bisle on PubMed
Attachment of Capsular Polysaccharide to the Cell Wall in Streptococcus Pneumoniae Microbial Drug Resistance (Larchmont, N.Y.). Jun, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22432711 Streptococcus pneumoniae protects itself from components of the human immune defense system by a thick polysaccharide capsule, which in most serotypes is covalently attached to the cell wall peptidoglycan. Members of the LytR-Cps2A-Psr (LCP) protein family have recently been implicated in the attachment of anionic polymers to peptidoglycan in Gram-positive bacteria, based on genetic evidence from Bacillus subtilis mutant strains and on the crystal structure of S. pneumoniae Cps2A containing a tightly bound polyprenol (pyro)phosphate lipid. Here, we provide evidence that Cps2A and its two pneumococcal homologs, LytR and Psr, contribute to the maintenance of normal capsule levels and to the retention of the capsular polysaccharide at the cell wall in the capsular type 2 S. pneumoniae strain D39. GFP fusions of all three LCP proteins showed enhanced localization at mid-cell, indicating a role in cell wall growth. Single cps2A or psr mutants produced a reduced amount of capsule. A cps2A lytR double mutant showed greatly impaired growth and cell morphology and lost approximately half of the total capsule material into the culture supernatant. We also present the crystal structure of the B. subtilis LCP protein YwtF and provide crystallographic evidence for the phosphotransferase activity of Cps2A, supporting an enzymatic function in the attachment of capsular polysaccharides to cell wall peptidoglycan.
Antiapoptotic Activity of Coxiella Burnetii Effector Protein AnkG is Controlled by P32-dependent Trafficking Infection and Immunity. Jul, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24733095 Intracellular bacterial pathogens frequently inhibit host cell apoptosis to ensure survival of their host, thereby allowing bacterial propagation. The obligate intracellular pathogen Coxiella burnetii displays antiapoptotic activity which depends on a functional type IV secretion system (T4SS). Accordingly, antiapoptotic T4SS effector proteins, like AnkG, have been identified. AnkG inhibits pathogen-induced apoptosis, possibly by binding to the host cell mitochondrial protein p32 (gC1qR). However, the molecular mechanism of AnkG activity remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that ectopically expressed AnkG associates with mitochondria and traffics into the nucleus after apoptosis induction, although AnkG lacks a predicted nuclear localization signal. We identified the p32 interaction region in AnkG and constructed an AnkG mutant (AnkGR(22/23S)) unable to bind to p32. By using this mutant, we found that intracellular localization and trafficking of AnkG into the nucleus are dependent on binding to p32. Furthermore, we demonstrated that nuclear localization of AnkG but not binding to p32 is required for apoptosis inhibition. Thus, the antiapoptotic activity of AnkG is controlled by p32-mediated intracellular trafficking, which, in turn, seems to be regulated by host cell processes that sense stress.