Show Advanced Search

REFINE YOUR SEARCH:

Containing Text
- - -
+
Filter by author or institution
GO
Filter by publication date
From:
October, 2006
Until:
Today
Filter by journal section

Filter by science education

 
 
Foramen Magnum:

The Spinal Cord

JoVE 10872

The spinal cord is the body’s major nerve tract of the central nervous system, communicating afferent sensory information from the periphery to the brain and efferent motor information from the brain to the body. The human spinal cord extends from the hole at the base of the skull, or foramen magnum, to the level of the first or second lumbar vertebra.

The spinal cord is cylindrical and contains both white and grey matter. In the center is the central canal, which is the remnant of the lumen of the primitive neural tube and is part of the internal system of cerebrospinal fluid cavities. In cross-section, the grey matter surrounding the central canal appears butterfly-shaped. The wings of the butterfly are divided into dorsal and ventral horns. The dorsal horn contains sensory nuclei that relay sensory information, and the ventral horn contains motor neurons that give rise to the axons that innervate skeletal muscle. White matter surrounds the gray matter and contains large numbers of myelinated fibers. The white matter is arranged into longitudinal bundles called dorsal, lateral, and ventral columns. Three membranes surround the spinal cord: the pia adheres closely to the surface of the spinal cord, followed by the arachnoid, and the dura mater—the tough outermost sheath. The spinal cord is divided into four different r

 Core: Musculoskeletal System

Sterile Tissue Harvest

JoVE 10298

Source: Kay Stewart, RVT, RLATG, CMAR; Valerie A. Schroeder, RVT, RLATG. University of Notre Dame, IN


In 1959 The 3 R's were introduced by W.M.S. Russell and R.L. Burch in their book The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. The 3 R's are replacement, reduction, and refinement of the use of animals in research.1 The …

 Lab Animal Research

Use of a Piglet Model for the Study of Anesthetic-induced Developmental Neurotoxicity (AIDN): A Translational Neuroscience Approach

1Department of Anesthesiology, Ohio State University College of Medicine, 2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 3Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto, 4Department of Biomedical Sciences, Section of Anatomic Pathology, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, 5Department of Pathology and Anatomy, Ohio State University College of Medicine, 6Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital

JoVE 55193

 Medicine

A Novel In Vitro Model of Blast Traumatic Brain Injury

1Anaesthetics, Pain Medicine and Intensive Care Section, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, 2Royal British Legion Centre for Blast Injury Studies, Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London, 3Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London, 4Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, 5Department of Anaesthetics, Royal Berkshire Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, 6Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Medical Directorate Joint Force Command

JoVE 58400

 Neuroscience

Evaluation of Zika Virus-specific T-cell Responses in Immunoprivileged Organs of Infected Ifnar1-/- Mice

1School of Laboratory Medicine and Life Sciences, Wenzhou Medical University, 2NHC Key Laboratory of Medical Virology and Viral Diseases, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 3State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, 4Research Network of Immunity and Health (RNIH), Beijing Institutes of Life Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 5Laboratory Animal Center, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 6CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

JoVE 58110

 Immunology and Infection

Combined Near-infrared Fluorescent Imaging and Micro-computed Tomography for Directly Visualizing Cerebral Thromboemboli

1Molecular Imaging and Neurovascular Research Laboratory, Dongguk University College of Medicine, 2Biomedical Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, 3Research Institute of Advanced Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, 4Departments of Radiology and Cancer Systems Imaging, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

JoVE 54294

 Medicine

Primary Culture of Neurons Isolated from Embryonic Mouse Cerebellum

1Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Science, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, 2The Children's Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba (CHRIM), Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, 3Department of Oral Biology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 4Department of Pathology, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 60168

 JoVE In-Press

Inducing Meningococcal Meningitis Serogroup C in Mice via Intracisternal Delivery

1Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology, University of Naples Federico II, 2Department of Science and Technology, Sannio University, 3CEINGE – Advanced Biotechnology

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 60047

 JoVE In-Press

Enhanced Rabies Surveillance Using a Direct Rapid Immunohistochemical Test

1Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Wildlife Services, Knoxville, TN, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 2Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Wildlife Services, Sutton, MA, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 3Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Wildlife Services, Milton, FL, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 4Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Wildlife Services, Concord, NH, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 5Lyssa LLC

JoVE 59416

 Immunology and Infection

Electrophoretic Delivery of γ-aminobutyric Acid (GABA) into Epileptic Focus Prevents Seizures in Mice

1Aix Marseille Université, Institut de Neurosciences des Systèmes (INS), 2Electrical Engineering Division, University of Cambridge, 3Department of Bioelectronics, Centre Microélectronique de Provence - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Étienne (CMP-EMSE), 4Institut de Neurosciences de la Timone, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) UMR 7289 & Aix- Marseille Université, 5Neuroengineering Research Group, Interdisciplinary Excellence Center, Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunobiology, University of Szeged

JoVE 59268

 Neuroscience

Assessment of Neuronal Viability Using Fluorescein Diacetate-Propidium Iodide Double Staining in Cerebellar Granule Neuron Culture

1Ningbo Key Laboratory of Behavioral Neuroscience, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, Ningbo University, 2Department of Applied Biology and Chemistry Technology, Institute of Modern Chinese Medicine, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 3Institute of New Drug Research, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Pharmacodynamic, Constituents of Traditional Chinese Medicine & New Drug Research, College of Pharmacy, Jinan University, 4International Joint Laboratory (SYSU-PolyU HK) of Novel Anti-Dementia Drugs of Guangdong

JoVE 55442

 Neuroscience

State of the Art Cranial Ultrasound Imaging in Neonates

1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, 2Department of Radiology, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, 3Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, UZ Brussel, 4Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Leiden University Medical Center, 5Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Isala Hospital, 6Department of Pediatrics, Koningin Paola Children's Hospital

JoVE 52238

 Medicine
12
More Results...