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Liver Failure: Severe inability of the Liver to perform its normal metabolic functions, as evidenced by severe Jaundice and abnormal serum levels of Ammonia; Bilirubin; Alkaline phosphatase; Aspartate aminotransferase; Lactate dehydrogenases; and albumin/globulin ratio. (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed)

CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Targeted Integration In Vivo Using a Homology-mediated End Joining-based Strategy

1Institute of Neuroscience, State Key Laboratory of Neuroscience, Key Laboratory of Primate Neurobiology, CAS Center for Excellence in Brain Science and Intelligence Technology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3School of Life Science and Technology, Shanghai Tech University, 4Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences

JoVE 56844


 Genetics

Preclinical Model of Hind Limb Ischemia in Diabetic Rabbits

1Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 2Division of Cardiology, University of Texas McGovern Medical School, 3Memorial Herman Heart and Vascular Center, Texas Medical Center, 4Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, 5The Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, 6Institute for Biomaterials, Drug Delivery and Regenerative Medicine, University of Texas at Austin

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JoVE 58964


 JoVE In-Press

Characterization of Human Monocyte Subsets by Whole Blood Flow Cytometry Analysis

1Department of Surgery, Vascular Biology Research Centre, Westmead Hospital, 2Westmead Clinical School, Department of Surgery, The University of Sydney, 3Westmead Research Hub, Westmead Institute for Medical Research, 4Institute for Clinical Pathology and Medical Research, Westmead Hospital

JoVE 57941


 Immunology and Infection

Lentiviral Vector-mediated Gene Therapy of Hepatocytes Ex Vivo for Autologous Transplantation in Swine

1Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 2Midwest Fetal Care Center, Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, 3Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins, 4Pediatric Surgical Associates

JoVE 58399


 Medicine

Rat Model of the Associating Liver Partition and Portal Vein Ligation for Staged Hepatectomy (ALPPS) Procedure

1Institute of Physiology - Center for Integrative Human Physiology, University of Zurich, 2Department of Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, 3Department of Surgery, Cantonal Hospital Winterthur, 4Institute of Anesthesiology, University and University Hospital Zurich

JoVE 55895


 Medicine

Hollow Fiber Bioreactors for In Vivo-like Mammalian Tissue Culture

1Department of Chemical Engineering and Centre for Regenerative Medicine, University of Bath, 2MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science and Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, 3Mechanical Engineering, University College London, 4Department of Applied Mathematics, Liverpool John Moores University

JoVE 53431


 Bioengineering

The Murine Choline-Deficient, Ethionine-Supplemented (CDE) Diet Model of Chronic Liver Injury

1School of Biomedical Sciences & Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, 2School of Public Health & Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, 3Institute of Biochemistry, Christian-Albrechts-University, 4School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, 5Centenary Institute of Cancer Medicine and Cell Biology, The University of Sydney, 6Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, 7A.W. Morrow Gastroenterology and Liver Centre, 8QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, 9Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, 10Fiona Stanley and Fremantle Hospitals, 11School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, 12School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia

JoVE 56138


 Biology

Crystallization of Salicylic Acid via Chemical Modification

JoVE 10407

Source: Kerry M. Dooley and Michael G. Benton, Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

Processing of biochemicals involves unit operations such as crystallization, ultracentrifugation, membrane filtration, and preparative chromatography, all of which have in common the need to separate large from small molecules, or solid from liquid. Of these, crystallization is the most important from a tonnage standpoint. For that reason, it is commonly employed in the pharmaceutical, chemical and food processing industries. Important biochemical examples include chiral separations,1 purification of antibiotics,2 separation of amino acids from precursors,3 and many other pharmaceutical,4-5 food additive,6-7 and agrochemical purifications.8 The control of crystal morphology and size distribution is critical to process economics, as these factors affect the costs of downstream processing operations such as drying, filtration, and solids conveying. For more information about crystallization, consult a specialized textbook or a Unit Operations textbook.9 The crystallizer unit (Figure 1) enables study of: (a)


 Chemical Engineering

Manual Isolation of Adipose-derived Stem Cells from Human Lipoaspirates

1Cytori Therapeutics Inc, 2Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 3Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 4Department of Orthopedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 5Regenerative Bioengineering and Repair Laboratory, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

JoVE 50585


 Biology

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