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세포호흡이란 무엇인가?
Organisms harvest energy from food, but this energy cannot be directly used by cells. Cells convert the energy stored in nutrients into a more usable…
해당과정이란 무엇인가?
Cells make energy by breaking down macromolecules. Cellular respiration is the biochemical process that converts “food energy” (from…
에너지가 필요한 해당과정 단계
Glucose is the source of nearly all energy used by organisms. The first step of converting glucose into usable energy is called glycolysis.…
에너지를 방출하는 해당과정 단계
While the first phase of glycolysis consumes energy to convert glucose to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P), the second phase produces energy. The…
해당과정 결과
Nearly all the energy used by cells comes from the bonds that make up complex, organic compounds. These organic compounds are broken down into…
피루브산 산화
After glycolysis, the charged pyruvate molecules enter the mitochondria via active transport and undergo three enzymatic reactions. These reactions…
시트르산회로
The citric acid cycle, also known as the Krebs cycle or TCA cycle, consists of several energy-generating reactions that yield one ATP molecule, three…
시트르산회로의 생성물
The cells of most organisms—including plants and animals—obtain usable energy through aerobic respiration, the oxygen-requiring version…
전자전달계
The final stage of cellular respiration is oxidative phosphorylation, which consists of (1) an electron transport chain and (2) chemiosmosis. The…
화학삼투
Oxidative phosphorylation is a highly efficient process that generates large amounts of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the basic unit of energy that…
전자운반체
Electron carriers can be thought of as electron shuttles. These compounds can easily accept electrons (i.e., be reduced) or lose them (i.e., be…
ATP 수율
Cellular respiration produces 30-32 ATP molecules per glucose molecule. Although most of the ATP results from oxidative phosphorylation and the…
발효
Most eukaryotic organisms require oxygen to survive and function adequately. Such organisms produce large amounts of energy during aerobic…
음식 간 연관성
Metabolic pathways are interconnected. The cellular respiration processes that convert glucose to ATP—such as glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation, and…
고해상도 호흡율은 투과성이 그대로 세포에서 미토콘드리아 기능을 평가하는
A high-resolution oxygraph is a device for measuring cellular oxygen consumption in a closed-chamber system with very high resolution and sensitivity…
최적화 된 프로토콜은 림프구에 해당 작용과 미토콘드리아 호흡을 분석하는
Lymphocytes respond to a variety of stimuli by activating intracellular signaling pathways, which in turn leads to rapid cellular proliferation,…
에 수용성 화합물로 SCA1 마우스 치료가 아닌 것은 - 특히 미토콘드리아 기능 향상
Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a significant role in the aging process and in neurodegenerative diseases including several hereditary…
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