Articles by Jop Jans in JoVE
An In vitro Model to Study Immune Responses of Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells to Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection Marloes Vissers1, Marrit N. Habets1, Inge M. L. Ahout1, Jop Jans1, Marien I. de Jonge1, Dimitri A. Diavatopoulos1, Gerben Ferwerda1 1Laboratory of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Radboud university medical center Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) can cause severe bronchiolitis in young infants. Part of the pathogenesis of severe HRSV disease is caused by the host immune response. Stimulation of primary human immune cells with HRSV provides a fast and reproducible model system to study activation of inflammatory pathways and infection.
Other articles by Jop Jans on PubMed
Favorable Outcome of Neonatal Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunt-associated Candida Meningitis with Caspofungin Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. May, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23439643 Invasive Candida infections associated with medical devices are very difficult to cure without device removal. We present a case of neonatal cerebrospinal fluid shunt-associated Candida meningitis, in which removal of the device was precluded, that was successfully treated with caspofungin. Pharmacokinetic assessment of caspofungin concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid showed that exposure was adequate in the presence of a high systemic exposure. In complex cases of neonatal Candida infections involving medical devices, the addition of caspofungin might be beneficial.
Chloroquine Modulates the Fungal Immune Response in Phagocytic Cells from Patients with Chronic Granulomatous Disease The Journal of Infectious Diseases. Jun, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23482646 Invasive aspergillosis is a major threat to patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). Fungal pathogenesis is the result of a diminished antifungal capacity and dysregulated inflammation. A deficient NADPH-oxidase complex results in defective phagolysosomal alkalization. To investigate the contribution of defective pH regulation in phagocytes among patients with CGD during fungal pathogenesis, we evaluated the effect of the acidotropic, antimalarial drug chloroquine (CQ) on the antifungal capacity of polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) and on the inflammatory response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Chloroquine exerted a direct pH-dependent antifungal effect on Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus nidulans; it increased the antifungal activity of PMNs from patients with CGD at a significantly lower concentration, compared with the concentration for PMNs from healthy individuals; and decreased the hyperinflammatory state of PBMCs from patients with CGD, as observed by decreased tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 1β release. Chloroquine targets both limbs of fungal pathogenesis and might be of great value in the clearance of invasive aspergillosis in patients with CGD.
Fc Gamma Receptors in Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections: Implications for Innate Immunity Reviews in Medical Virology. Nov, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 24227634 RSV infections are a major burden in infants less than 3 months of age. Newborns and infants express a distinct immune system that is largely dependent on innate immunity and passive immunity from maternal antibodies. Antibodies can regulate immune responses against viruses through interaction with Fc gamma receptors leading to enhancement or neutralization of viral infections. The mechanisms underlying the immunomodulatory effect of Fc gamma receptors on viral infections have yet to be elucidated in infants. Herein, we will discuss current knowledge of the effects of antibodies and Fc gamma receptors on infant innate immunity to RSV. A better understanding of the pathogenesis of RSV infections in young infants may provide insight into novel therapeutic strategies such as vaccination. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.