Articles by Roleen Sharma in JoVE
Visualizing Macrophage Extracellular Traps Using Confocal Microscopy Roleen Sharma1,2, Kim M. O'Sullivan2, Stephen R. Holdsworth2, Philip G. Bardin1,2, Paul T. King1,2 1Monash Lung and Sleep, Monash Medical Centre, 2Monash University Macrophage extracellular traps are a newly described entity. This article will concentrate on confocal microscopy methods and how they are visualized in vitro and in vivo from lung samples.
Other articles by Roleen Sharma on PubMed
Nontypeable Haemophilus Influenzae Induces Sustained Lung Oxidative Stress and Protease Expression PloS One. 2015 | Pubmed ID: 25793977 Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a prevalent bacterium found in a variety of chronic respiratory diseases. The role of this bacterium in the pathogenesis of lung inflammation is not well defined. In this study we examined the effect of NTHi on two important lung inflammatory processes 1), oxidative stress and 2), protease expression. Bronchoalveolar macrophages were obtained from 121 human subjects, blood neutrophils from 15 subjects, and human-lung fibroblast and epithelial cell lines from 16 subjects. Cells were stimulated with NTHi to measure the effect on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and extracellular trap formation. We also measured the production of the oxidant, 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) in the lungs of mice infected with this bacterium. NTHi induced widespread production of 3-NT in mouse lungs. This bacterium induced significantly increased ROS production in human fibroblasts, epithelial cells, macrophages and neutrophils; with the highest levels in the phagocytic cells. In human macrophages NTHi caused a sustained, extracellular production of ROS that increased over time. The production of ROS was associated with the formation of macrophage extracellular trap-like structures which co-expressed the protease metalloproteinase-12. The formation of the macrophage extracellular trap-like structures was markedly inhibited by the addition of DNase. In this study we have demonstrated that NTHi induces lung oxidative stress with macrophage extracellular trap formation and associated protease expression. DNase inhibited the formation of extracellular traps.
The Lung Immune Response to Nontypeable Haemophilus Influenzae (Lung Immunity to NTHi) Journal of Immunology Research. 2015 | Pubmed ID: 26114124 Haemophilus influenzae is divided into typeable or nontypeable strains based on the presence or absence of a polysaccharide capsule. The typeable strains (such as type b) are an important cause of systemic infection, whilst the nontypeable strains (designated as NTHi) are predominantly respiratory mucosal pathogens. NTHi is present as part of the normal microbiome in the nasopharynx, from where it may spread down to the lower respiratory tract. In this context it is no longer a commensal and becomes an important respiratory pathogen associated with a range of common conditions including bronchitis, bronchiectasis, pneumonia, and particularly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. NTHi induces a strong inflammatory response in the respiratory tract with activation of immune responses, which often fail to clear the bacteria from the lung. This results in recurrent/persistent infection and chronic inflammation with consequent lung pathology. This review will summarise the current literature about the lung immune response to nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae, a topic that has important implications for patient management.
Deoxyribonuclease 1 Reduces Pathogenic Effects of Cigarette Smoke Exposure in the Lung Scientific Reports. Sep, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28935869 Our aim was to investigate if deoxyribonuclease (DNase) 1 is a potential therapeutic agent to reduce pathogenic effects of cigarette smoke exposure in the lung. Cigarette smoke causes protease imbalance with excess production of proteases, which is a key process in the pathogenesis of emphysema. The mechanisms responsible for this effect are not well-defined. Our studies demonstrate both in vitro and in vivo that cigarette smoke significantly increases the expression of neutrophil and macrophage extracellular traps with coexpression of the pathogenic proteases, neutrophil elastase and matrix metalloproteinases 9 and 12. This response to cigarette smoke was significantly reduced by the addition of DNase 1, which also significantly decreased macrophage numbers and lung proteolysis. DNase 1, a treatment currently in clinical use, can diminish the pathogenic effects of cigarette smoke.