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Human Development: Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.

Assessing Cellular Stress and Inflammation in Discrete Oxytocin-secreting Brain Nuclei in the Neonatal Rat Before and After First Colostrum Feeding

1Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, 2Department of Pathology & Cell Biology, Columbia University Medical Center, 3Department of Psychiatry, Division of Molecular Imaging and Neuropathology, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 4EB Sciences

JoVE 58341


 Immunology and Infection

Comprehensive Evaluation of the Effectiveness and Safety of Placenta-Targeted Drug Delivery Using Three Complementary Methods

1Laboratory for Reproductive Health, Institute of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2College of Veterinary Medicine, Hunan Agricultural University, 3Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering Process and Technology for High-efficiency Conversion, College of Chemistry and Material Sciences, Heilongjiang University, 4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine

JoVE 58219


 Bioengineering

Anogenital Distance and Perineal Measurements of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) Quantification System

1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, "Virgen de la Arrixaca", University Clinical Hospital, 2Institute for Biomedical Research of Murcia, IMIB-Arrixaca, 3Division of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Murcia School of Medicine, 4Biomedical Research Centre Network for Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), 5Department of Preventive Medicine, "Virgen de la Arrixaca", University Clinical Hospital

JoVE 57912


 Medicine

Simple Generation of a High Yield Culture of Induced Neurons from Human Adult Skin Fibroblasts

1Department of Experimental Medical Science, Wallenberg Neuroscience Center, Division of Neurobiology and Lund Stem Cell Center, Lund University, 2John van Geest Centre for Brain Repair & Department of Neurology, Department of Clinical Neurosciences and Cambridge Stem Cell Institute, University of Cambridge

JoVE 56904


 Neuroscience

Flow Virometry to Analyze Antigenic Spectra of Virions and Extracellular Vesicles

1Section on Intercellular Interactions, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 2Laboratory of Atherothrombosis, Cardiology Department, Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, 3Sidra Medical and Research Center

JoVE 55020


 Immunology and Infection

A Modified Trier Social Stress Test for Vulnerable Mexican American Adolescents

1Center for Environmental Research and Children's Health (CERCH), Berkley School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, 2San Francisco (UCSF) School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 3Human Development and Family Studies, Iowa State University

JoVE 55393


 Developmental Biology

Efficient Derivation of Human Neuronal Progenitors and Neurons from Pluripotent Human Embryonic Stem Cells with Small Molecule Induction

1San Diego Regenerative Medicine Institute, 2Xcelthera, 3Department of Neurosurgery, Harvard Medical School, 4Division of SCI Research, VA Boston Healthcare System, 5Program in Stem Cell & Regenerative Biology, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, 6La Jolla IVF

JoVE 3273


 Neuroscience

Efficient Derivation of Human Cardiac Precursors and Cardiomyocytes from Pluripotent Human Embryonic Stem Cells with Small Molecule Induction

1San Diego Regenerative Medicine Institute, 2Xcelthera, 3Department of Neurosurgery, Harvard Medical School, 4Division of SCI Research, VA Boston Healthcare System, 5Program in Stem Cell & Regenerative Biology, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, 6La Jolla IVF

JoVE 3274


 Biology

An Introduction to Drosophila melanogaster

JoVE 5082

Drosophila melanogaster, also known as the fruit fly, is a powerful model organism widely used in biological research that has made significant contributions to the greater scientific community over the last century. First, this video introduces the fruit fly as an organism, including its physical characteristics, life cycle, environment, and diet. Next, the reasons why fruit flies make an excellent model organism are discussed. For example, fruit flies are inexpensive to maintain in the laboratory, have simplified genetics, and short generation times allow for quick experiments with high sample numbers. Then, key discoveries and important Drosophila researchers, such as Thomas Hunt Morgan are profiled. Finally, applications of Drosophila research, ranging from genetics to cardiac and neurological development and disease, are provided. This video serves as an overview of the highly-important and influential model organism that is Drosophila melanogaster.


 Biology I

An Introduction to Caenorhabditis elegans

JoVE 5103

Caenorhabditis elegans is a microscopic, soil-dwelling roundworm that has been powerfully used as a model organism since the early 1970’s. It was initially proposed as a model for developmental biology because of its invariant body plan, ease of genetic manipulation and low cost of maintenance. Since then C. elegans has rapidly grown in popularity and is now utilized in numerous research endeavors, from studying the forces at work during locomotion to studies of neural circuitry. This video provides an overview of basic C. elegans biology, a timeline of the many milestones in its short but storied history, and finally a few exciting applications using C. elegans as a model organism.


 Biology I

An Introduction to the Laboratory Mouse: Mus musculus

JoVE 5129

Mice (Mus musculus) are an important research tool for modeling human disease progression and development in the lab. Despite differences in their size and appearance, mice share a distinct genetic similarity to humans, and their ability to reproduce and mature quickly make them efficient and economical candidate mammals for scientific study.

This video provides a brief overview of mice, both as organisms and in terms of their many advantages as experimental models. The discussion features an introduction to common laboratory mouse strains, including the nude mouse, whose genetic makeup renders them both hairless and immunodeficient. A brief history of mouse research is also offered, ranging from their first use in genetics experiments to Nobel prize-winning discoveries in immunology and neurobiology. Finally, representative examples of the diverse types of research that can be performed in mice are presented, such as classic behavioral tests like the Morris water maze and in-depth investigations of mammalian embryonic development.


 Biology II

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