Articles by Henriette Franz in JoVE
Isolation and Cultivation of Neural Progenitors Followed by Chromatin-Immunoprecipitation of Histone 3 Lysine 79 Dimethylation Mark Patrick Bovio1,2, Deborah Roidl1, Stefanie Heidrich1, Tanja Vogel1, Henriette Franz1 1Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology, Department of Molecular Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, 2Faculty of Biology, University of Freiburg We present an effective and reproducible method to isolate and culture neural progenitor cells from embryonic and postnatal brain tissue for chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) of histone 3 lysine 79 dimethylation (H3K79me2) - a histone mark located within the globular domain of histone 3.
Other articles by Henriette Franz on PubMed
PRK1/PKN1 Controls Migration and Metastasis of Androgen-independent Prostate Cancer Cells Oncotarget. | Pubmed ID: 25504435 The major threat in prostate cancer is the occurrence of metastases in androgen-independent tumor stage, for which no causative cure is available. Here we show that metastatic behavior of androgen-independent prostate tumor cells requires the protein-kinase-C-related kinase (PRK1/PKN1) in vitro and in vivo. PRK1 regulates cell migration and gene expression through its kinase activity, but does not affect cell proliferation. Transcriptome and interactome analyses uncover that PRK1 regulates expression of migration-relevant genes by interacting with the scaffold protein sperm-associated antigen 9 (SPAG9/JIP4). SPAG9 and PRK1 colocalize in human cancer tissue and are required for p38-phosphorylation and cell migration. Accordingly, depletion of either ETS domain-containing protein Elk-1 (ELK1), an effector of p38-signalling or p38 depletion hinders cell migration and changes expression of migration-relevant genes as observed upon PRK1-depletion. Importantly, a PRK1 inhibitor prevents metastases in mice, showing that the PRK1-pathway is a promising target to hamper prostate cancer metastases in vivo. Here we describe a novel mechanism controlling the metastatic behavior of PCa cells and identify PRK1 as a promising therapeutic target to treat androgen-independent metastatic prostate cancer.
Tetrazolylhydrazides As Selective Fragment-Like Inhibitors of the JumonjiC-Domain-Containing Histone Demethylase KDM4A ChemMedChem. | Pubmed ID: 26337137 The JumonjiC-domain-containing histone demethylase 2A (JMJD2A, KDM4A) is a key player in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression. Previous publications have shown that both elevated and lowered enzyme levels are associated with certain types of cancer, and therefore the definite role of KDM4A in oncogenesis remains elusive. To identify a novel molecular starting point with favorable physicochemical properties for the investigation of the physiological role of KDM4A, we screened a number of molecules bearing an iron-chelating moiety by using two independent assays. In this way, we were able to identify 2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)acetohydrazide as a novel fragment-like lead structure with low relative molecular mass (Mr =142 Da), low complexity, and an IC50 value of 46.6 μm in a formaldehyde dehydrogenase (FDH)-coupled assay and 2.4 μm in an antibody-based assay. Despite its small size, relative selectivity against two other demethylases could be demonstrated for this compound. This is the first example of a tetrazole group as a warhead in JMJD demethylases.
Neuronal Activity, TGFβ-Signaling and Unpredictable Chronic Stress Modulate Transcription of Gadd45 Family Members and DNA Methylation in the Hippocampus Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991). | Pubmed ID: 28444170 Neuronal activity is altered in several neurological and psychiatric diseases. Upon depolarization not only neurotransmitters are released but also cytokines and other activators of signaling cascades. Unraveling their complex implication in transcriptional control in receiving cells will contribute to understand specific central nervous system (CNS) pathologies and will be of therapeutically interest. In this study we depolarized mature hippocampal neurons in vitro using KCl and revealed increased release not only of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) but also of transforming growth factor beta (TGFB). Neuronal activity together with BDNF and TGFB controls transcription of DNA modifying enzymes specifically members of the DNA-damage-inducible (Gadd) family, Gadd45a, Gadd45b, and Gadd45g. MeDIP followed by massive parallel sequencing and transcriptome analyses revealed less DNA methylation upon KCl treatment. Psychiatric disorder-related genes, namely Tshz1, Foxn3, Jarid2, Per1, Map3k5, and Arc are transcriptionally activated and demethylated upon neuronal activation. To analyze whether misexpression of Gadd45 family members are associated with psychiatric diseases, we applied unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) as established model for depression to mice. UCMS led to reduced expression of Gadd45 family members. Taken together, our data demonstrate that Gadd45 family members are new putative targets for UCMS treatments.