Articles by Xiaoliang Wang in JoVE
A Mouse 5/6th Nephrectomy Model That Induces Experimental Uremic Cardiomyopathy Xiaoliang Wang*1, Muhammad A. Chaudhry*2, Ying Nie2, Zijian Xie1, Joseph I. Shapiro2, Jiang Liu1,2 1Marshall Institute for Interdisciplinary Research (MIIR), Marshall University, 2Department of Biomedical Sciences, Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine This manuscript provides a detailed two-step surgical procedure to perform mouse 5/6th partial nephrectomy (PNx) with pole ligation. Four weeks after surgery, in comparison with sham-operated mice, the PNx mice developed impaired renal function, anemia, cardiac hypertrophy, cardiac fibrosis, and decreased heart systolic and diastolic function.
Other articles by Xiaoliang Wang on PubMed
Reduction of Na/K-ATPase Affects Cardiac Remodeling and Increases C-kit Cell Abundance in Partial Nephrectomized Mice American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology. | Pubmed ID: 24748592 The current study examined the role of Na/K-ATPase α1-subunit in animals subjected to 5/6th partial nephrectomy (PNx) using Na/K-ATPase α1-heterozygous (α1(+/-)) mice and their wild-type (WT) littermates. After PNx, both WT and α1(+/-) animals displayed diastolic dimension increases, increased blood pressure, and increased cardiac hypertrophy. However, in the α1(+/-) animals we detected significant increases in cardiac cell death in PNx animals. Given that reduction of α1 elicited increased cardiac cell death with PNx, while at the same time these animals developed cardiac hypertrophy, an examination of cardiac cell number, and proliferative capabilities of those cells was carried out. Cardiac tissues were probed for the progenitor cell marker c-kit and the proliferation marker ki-67. The results revealed that α1(+/-) mice had significantly higher numbers of c-kit-positive and ki-67-positive cells, especially in the PNx group. We also found that α1(+/-) mice express higher levels of stem cell factor, a c-kit ligand, in their heart tissue and had higher circulating levels of stem cell factor than WT animals. In addition, PNx induced significant enlargement of cardiac myocytes in WT mice but has much less effect in α1(+/-) mice. However, the total cell number determined by nuclear counting is higher in α1(+/-) mice with PNx compared with WT mice. We conclude that PNx induces hypertrophic growth and high blood pressure regardless of Na/K-ATPase content change. However, total cardiac cell number as well as c-kit-positive cell number is increased in α1(+/-) mice with PNx.
Attenuation of Na/K-ATPase Mediated Oxidant Amplification with PNaKtide Ameliorates Experimental Uremic Cardiomyopathy Scientific Reports. | Pubmed ID: 27698370 We have previously reported that the sodium potassium adenosine triphosphatase (Na/K-ATPase) can effect the amplification of reactive oxygen species. In this study, we examined whether attenuation of oxidant stress by antagonism of Na/K-ATPase oxidant amplification might ameliorate experimental uremic cardiomyopathy induced by partial nephrectomy (PNx). PNx induced the development of cardiac morphological and biochemical changes consistent with human uremic cardiomyopathy. Both inhibition of Na/K-ATPase oxidant amplification with pNaKtide and induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) with cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) markedly attenuated the development of phenotypical features of uremic cardiomyopathy. In a reversal study, administration of pNaKtide after the induction of uremic cardiomyopathy reversed many of the phenotypical features. Attenuation of Na/K-ATPase oxidant amplification may be a potential strategy for clinical therapy of this disorder.
Sodium Potassium Adenosine Triphosphatase (Na/K-ATPase) As a Therapeutic Target for Uremic Cardiomyopathy Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets. | Pubmed ID: 28338377 Clinically, patients with significant reductions in renal function present with cardiovascular dysfunction typically termed, uremic cardiomyopathy. It is a progressive series of cardiac pathophysiological changes, including left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and hypertrophy (LVH) which sometimes progress to left ventricular dilation (LVD) and systolic dysfunction in the setting of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Uremic cardiomyopathy is almost ubiquitous in patients afflicted with end stage renal disease (ESRD). Areas covered: This article reviews recent epidemiology, pathophysiology of uremic cardiomyopathy and provide a board overview of Na/K-ATPase research with detailed discussion on the mechanisms of Na/K-ATPase/Src/ROS amplification loop. We also present clinical and preclinical evidences as well as molecular mechanism of this amplification loop in the development of uremic cardiomyopathy. A potential therapeutic peptide that targets on this loop is discussed. Expert opinion: Current clinical treatment for uremic cardiomyopathy remains disappointing. Targeting the ROS amplification loop mediated by the Na/K-ATPase signaling function may provide a novel therapeutic target for uremic cardiomyopathy and related diseases. Additional studies of Na/K-ATPase and other strategies that regulate this loop will lead to new therapeutics.