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Bölüm 4
Reaksiyon Stokiyometrisi
A balanced chemical equation provides a great deal of information in a very succinct format. Chemical formulas provide the identities of the…
Sınırlayıcı Reaktan
The relative amounts of reactants and products represented in a balanced chemical equation are often referred to as stoichiometric amounts. However,…
Reaksiyon Verimi
The theoretical yield of a reaction is the amount of product estimated to form based on the stoichiometry of the balanced chemical equation. The…
Çözeltilerin Genel Özellikleri
Many common substances around us exist as a solution, such as ocean water, air, and gasoline. All solutions are mixtures of substances that are…
Çözelti konsantrasyonu ve Seyreltme
The relative amount of a given solution component is known as its concentration. Often, though not always, a solution contains one component with a…
Elektrolit ve Non-Elektrolit Çözeltiler
Substances that undergo either a physical or a chemical change in solution to yield ions that can conduct electricity are called electrolytes. If a…
İyonik Bileşiklerin Çözünürlüğü
Solubility is the measure of the maximum amount of solute that can be dissolved in a given quantity of solvent at a given temperature and pressure.…
Sulu Çözeltilerdeki Kimyasal Reaksiyonlar
Chemical substances interact in many different ways. Certain chemical reactions exhibit common patterns of reactivity. Due to the vast number of…
Çökelme Reaksiyonları
In a precipitation reaction, aqueous solutions of soluble salts react to give an insoluble ionic compound – the precipitate. The reaction…
Oksidasyon-Redüksiyon Reaksiyonları
Earth’s atmosphere contains about 20% molecular oxygen, O2, a chemically reactive gas that plays an essential role in the metabolism of…
Oksidasyon Numarası
In redox reactions, the transfer of electrons occurs between reacting species. Electron transfer is described by a hypothetical number called the…
Asitler, Bazlar ve Nötralizasyon Reaksiyonları
An acid-base reaction is one in which a hydrogen ion, H+, is transferred from one chemical species to another. Such reactions are of central…
Sentez ve Ayrışma Reaksiyonları
Synthesis and decomposition are two types of redox reactions. Synthesis means to make something, whereas decomposition means to break something. The…
Yüksek β-O-4 içeriği ile Lignin çıkarımı hafif etanol ayıklama ve bozulumu verim üzerindeki etkisi
Lignin valorization strategies are a key factor for achieving more economically competitive biorefineries based on lignocellulosic biomass. Most of…
Basit ve Ucuz Toprak Yüzey Sıcaklığı ve Gravimetrik Su İçerik Sensörleri İmalatı
Quantifying temperature and moisture at the soil surface is essential for understanding how soil surface biota respond to changes in the environment.…
<em>Situ</em> yanan laboratuar çalışmaları için deneysel işlemin: yanma ve yanma verimliliği ham petrol
A new method for the simultaneous study of the flammability and burning efficiency of fresh and weathered crude oil through two experimental…

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