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Spontanlık
A spontaneous process is one that occurs naturally under certain conditions. A nonspontaneous process, on the other hand, will not take place unless…
Entropi
Salt particles that have dissolved in water never spontaneously come back together in solution to reform solid particles. Moreover, a gas that has…
Termodinamiğin İkinci Yasası
In the quest to identify a property that may reliably predict the spontaneity of a process, a promising candidate has been identified: entropy.…
Termodinamiğin Üçüncü Yasası
A pure, perfectly crystalline solid possessing no kinetic energy (that is, at a temperature of absolute zero, 0 K) may be described by a single…
Bir Reaksiyon için Standart Entropi Değişimi
Entropy is a state function, so the standard entropy change for a chemical reaction (ΔS°rxn) can be calculated from the difference in…
Gibbs Serbest Enerjisi
One of the challenges of using the second law of thermodynamics to determine if a process is spontaneous is that it requires measurements of the…
Sıcaklığın Serbest Enerji Üzerindeki Etkileri
The spontaneity of a process depends upon the temperature of the system. Phase transitions, for example, will proceed spontaneously in one direction…
Standart Serbest Enerji Değişimlerinin Hesaplanması
The free energy change for a reaction that occurs under the standard conditions of 1 bar pressure and at 298 K is called the standard free energy…
Standart Olmayan Durumlar için Serbest Enerji Değişimleri
The free energy change for a process taking place with reactants and products present under nonstandard conditions (pressures other than 1 bar;…
Serbest Enerji ve Denge
The free energy change for a process may be viewed as a measure of its driving force. A negative value for ΔG represents a driving force for the…
Membran Protein katlanması, Termodinamik Floresans Spektroskopisi ile ölçülür.
Membrane protein folding is an emerging topic with both fundamental and health-related significance. The abundance of membrane proteins in cells…
Membran Enzim Solvent Dynamics Bağlı çözülüyor Entropic Oranı İvme
Enzyme catalysis evolved in an aqueous environment. The influence of solvent dynamics on catalysis is, however, currently poorly understood and…
Kısa Peptidlerinin Self-meclisi tarafından Sıralı Biyomoleküler Yapıların Oluşumu
In nature, complex functional structures are formed by the self-assembly of biomolecules under mild conditions. Understanding the forces that control…

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