In JoVE (2)
Other Publications (10)
- Cell Transplantation
- PloS One
- Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
- Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
- Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
- Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
- Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
- Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
- Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
- Nature Biotechnology
Articles by Sean V. Murphy in JoVE
Measuring Respiratory Function in Mice Using Unrestrained Whole-body Plethysmography Rebecca Lim1,2, Marcus J. Zavou1, Phillipa-Louise Milton3, Siow Teng Chan1, Jean L. Tan1, Hayley Dickinson1,2, Sean V. Murphy4, Graham Jenkin1,2, Euan M. Wallace1,2 1The Ritchie Centre, Monash Institute of Medical Research, 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Monash Medical Centre, 3Animal Resource Centre, Perth, Australia, 4Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine The assessment of respiratory physiology has traditionally relied upon techniques, which require restraint or sedation of the animal. Unrestrained whole-body plethysmography, however, provides precise, non-invasive, quantitative analysis of respiratory physiology in animal models. In addition, the technique allows repeated respiratory assessment of mice allowing for longitudinal studies.
Isolation, Cryopreservation and Culture of Human Amnion Epithelial Cells for Clinical Applications Sean V. Murphy1, Amritha Kidyoor1, Tanya Reid1, Anthony Atala1, Euan M. Wallace2, Rebecca Lim2 1Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, 2The Ritchie Centre, Monash Institute of Medical Research, Monash University We describe a protocol to isolate and culture human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) using animal product-free reagents in accordance with current good manufacturing practices (cGMP) guidelines.
Other articles by Sean V. Murphy on PubMed
HUMAN AMNION EPITHELIAL CELLS DO NOT ABROGATE PULMONARY FIBROSIS IN MICE WITH IMPAIRED MACROPHAGE FUNCTION Cell Transplantation. Apr, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22507554 Since current treatments for both acute and chronic lung diseases are less than ideal, there has been recent interest in the use of cell-based therapies for inflammatory lung disease. Specifically, human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) have been shown to reduce bleomycin-induced lung injury and prevent subsequent loss of respiratory function, primarily through modulation of the host immune response. The precise mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. We aimed to investigate the potential of hAECs to mitigate bleomycin-induced lung injury in surfactant protein C deficient (Sftpc(-/-)) mice, which are highly susceptible to pulmonary injury as a result of impairment of macrophage function. Primary hAECs were administered to wild type (Sftpc(+/+)) and Sftpc(-/-) mice 24 h after exposure to bleomycin. Compared to Sftpc(+/+) mice receiving bleomycin alone, Sftpc(+/+) mice administered hAECs 24 hours after bleomycin exposure had decreased expression of proinflammatory genes, decreased macrophage and neutrophil infiltration, fibrosis, collagen content and Î±-smooth muscle actin as well as a significant improvement in lung function. Compared to Sftpc(-/-) mice given bleomycin alone, Sftpc(-/-) mice administered hAECs 24 hours after bleomycin, did not have a decrease in inflammatory gene expression or a reduction in macrophage pulmonary infiltration. Subsequently, Sftpc(-/-) mice did not show any decrease in pulmonary fibrosis or improvement of lung function after hAEC administration. The ability of hAECs to mitigate bleomycininduced lung injury is abolished in Sftpc(-/-) mice, suggesting that hAECs require normal host macrophage function to exert their reparative effects.
Human Amnion Epithelial Cells Induced to Express Functional Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator PloS One. 2012 | Pubmed ID: 23029546 Cystic fibrosis, an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a mutation in a gene encoding the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), remains a leading cause of childhood respiratory morbidity and mortality. The respiratory consequences of cystic fibrosis include the generation of thick, tenacious mucus that impairs lung clearance, predisposing the individual to repeated and persistent infections, progressive lung damage and shortened lifespan. Currently there is no cure for cystic fibrosis. With this in mind, we investigated the ability of human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) to express functional CFTR. We found that hAECs formed 3-dimensional structures and expressed the CFTR gene and protein after culture in Small Airway Growth Medium (SAGM). We also observed a polarized CFTR distribution on the membrane of hAECs cultured in SAGM, similar to that observed in polarized airway cells in vivo. Further, hAECs induced to express CFTR possessed functional iodide/chloride (I(-/)Cl(-)) ion channels that were inhibited by the CFTR-inhibitor CFTR-172, indicating the presence of functional CFTR ion channels. These data suggest that hAECs may be a promising source for the development of a cellular therapy for cystic fibrosis.
Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells Reduce Lung Injury in Immunocompromised Mice but Not in Immunocompetent Mice Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases. Dec, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 23207668 Background: The immunomodulatory and immunosuppressive capacity of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) is well recognized, but efficacies of hMSC in immunocompetent and immunocompromised animals have never been directly compared. Objectives: We aimed to compare the efficacy of hMSC in preventing bleomycin-induced lung injury in immunocompromised SCID and immunocompetent C57Bl/6 mice. Methods: SCID and C57Bl/6 mice were subjected to a single bolus intranasal instillation of bleomycin to induce lung injury. One million hMSC were administered intravenously 24 h following the induction of bleomycin lung injury. Results: hMSC xenotransplantation into SCID mice resulted in transient improvements in lung weight and tidal volume and to persistent improvement in inspiratory duty cycle, inspiratory flow rate and inspiration/expiration ratio. We did not observed protective effects in C57Bl/6 mice. This correlated with histological changes, where hMSC administration reduced Ashcroft scores, collagen deposition and inflammatory influx in the lungs of SCID mice, but not in those of C57Bl/6 mice. Conclusion: The application of hMSC for the treatment of acute and chronic lung injury is significantly affected by the immune status of the recipient. Lack of hMSC-mediated repair observed in C57Bl/6 mice was likely to be due to limitations of their immune privilege and differential priming of hMSC in immunocompetent versus immunocompromised hosts.
Evaluation of Hydrogels for Bio-printing Applications Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A. Jan, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 22941807 In the United States alone, there are approximately 500,000 burn injuries that require medical treatment every year. Limitations of current treatments necessitate the development of new methods that can be applied quicker, result in faster wound regeneration, and yield skin that is cosmetically similar to undamaged skin. The development of new hydrogel biomaterials and bioprinting deposition technologies has provided a platform to address this need. Herein we evaluated characteristics of twelve hydrogels to determine their suitability for bioprinting applications. We chose hydrogels that are either commercially available, or are commonly used for research purposes. We evaluated specific hydrogel properties relevant to bioprinting applications, specifically; gelation time, swelling or contraction, stability, biocompatibility and printability. Further, we described regulatory, commercial and financial aspects of each of the hydrogels. While many of the hydrogels screened may exhibit characteristics suitable for other applications, UV-crosslinked Extracel, a hyaluronic acid-based hydrogel, had many of the desired properties for our bioprinting application. Taken together with commercial availability, shelf life, potential for regulatory approval and ease of use, these materials hold the potential to be further developed into fast and effective wound healing treatments.
Amniotic Fluid and Placental Membranes: Unexpected Sources of Highly Multipotent Cells Seminars in Reproductive Medicine. Jan, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23329638 Gestational tissue such as the placenta, placental membranes, and amniotic fluid are usually discarded following birth. Recently, researchers have identified gestational tissue as an untapped source of stem cells that are highly multipotent and possess potent immunosuppressive properties. Placental mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs), and amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (AFSCs) have been shown to differentiate into various cell types including adipogenic, osteogenic, myogenic, endothelial, pulmonary, neurogenic, hepatogenic, cardiac, and pancreatic lineages. Their immunomodulatory properties suggest that gestational stem cells may have an important application in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases such as graft versus host and autoimmune diseases. In clinical and preclinical studies, gestational stem cells have shown efficacy in the treatment of Crohn disease, lung disease, diabetes, repair of bone defects, heart disease, kidney disease, neural degeneration, and blood disorders. Stem cells derived from the placenta, placental membranes, and amniotic fluid are a valuable resource for the field of regenerative medicine.
Cell Therapy for Cystic Fibrosis Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine. Jul, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23894126 Currently there is no cure for cystic fibrosis (CF). Treatments are focused on addressing the disease symptoms, with varying degrees of success. Regenerative medicine holds the promise of regenerating dysfunctional or damaged tissues and to enhance the body's own endogenous repair mechanisms. The discovery of endogenous and exogenous stem cells has provided valuable tools for development of novel treatments for CF. The ability of stem cells to differentiate into functional pulmonary cells, modulate inflammatory responses and contribute to pulmonary function has provided researchers with multiple approaches to develop effective treatment strategies. Several approaches show promise to produce viable therapeutic treatments to treat the underlying cause of CF, reduce the symptoms and mitigate long-term damage, and generate functional replacement organs for end-stage transplantation. This review provides an overview of the rapidly progressing field of cell therapy for CF, focusing on the various cell types utilized and current strategies that show promise to improve life expectancy and quality of life for CF patients. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Bladder Acellular Matrix and Its Application in Bladder Augmentation Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews. Apr, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 23895225 Over the last few decades, both synthetic and natural materials have been utilized to develop bladder substitutes. Most attempts have not been successful because of mechanical, structural, functional, or biocompatibility problems. Bladder acellular matrix (BAM) is obtained by removing cellular components from donor bladders, leaving a tissue matrix consisting of collagen, elastin, fibronectin, glycosaminoglycans, proteoglycans, and growth factors. Multiple BAM-based studies now suggest that tissue engineering techniques may provide efficacious alternatives to current methods of bladder augmentation. Efforts to optimize BAM-based scaffolds are ongoing and would be greatly assisted by feasible means of improving scaffold properties and interaction with cells and tissues. Future applications of BAM will likely include cell-seeded grafts with the eventual hope of producing "off the shelf" replacement materials for bladder augmentation.
Tracheal Reconstruction in a Canine Model Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. Mar, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24367052 Tracheal reconstruction using a stem cell-based engineered trachea has recently shown promise. Our goal is to achieve a single-stage stem cell-based tracheal replacement.
Regenerative Medicine in Urology Seminars in Pediatric Surgery. Jun, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24994523 Repair and reconstruction of damaged tissues and organs has been a major issue in the medical field. Regenerative medicine and tissue engineering, as rapid evolving technologies, may offer alternative treatments and hope for patients with serious defects and end-stage diseases. Most urologic diseases could benefit from the development of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. This article discusses the role of cells and materials in regenerative medicine, as well as the status of current role of regenerative medicine for the generation of specific urologic organs.
3D Bioprinting of Tissues and Organs Nature Biotechnology. Aug, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 25093879 Additive manufacturing, otherwise known as three-dimensional (3D) printing, is driving major innovations in many areas, such as engineering, manufacturing, art, education and medicine. Recent advances have enabled 3D printing of biocompatible materials, cells and supporting components into complex 3D functional living tissues. 3D bioprinting is being applied to regenerative medicine to address the need for tissues and organs suitable for transplantation. Compared with non-biological printing, 3D bioprinting involves additional complexities, such as the choice of materials, cell types, growth and differentiation factors, and technical challenges related to the sensitivities of living cells and the construction of tissues. Addressing these complexities requires the integration of technologies from the fields of engineering, biomaterials science, cell biology, physics and medicine. 3D bioprinting has already been used for the generation and transplantation of several tissues, including multilayered skin, bone, vascular grafts, tracheal splints, heart tissue and cartilaginous structures. Other applications include developing high-throughput 3D-bioprinted tissue models for research, drug discovery and toxicology.