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Formação de Soluções
There is no one solvent that can dissolve every type of solute. Some substances that readily dissolve in a certain solvent might be insoluble in a…
Forças Intermoleculares em Soluções
The formation of a solution is an example of a spontaneous process, a process that occurs under specified conditions without energy from some…
Entalpia de Soluções
There are two criteria that favor, but do not guarantee, the spontaneous formation of a solution: A decrease in the internal energy of the system…
Soluções Aquosas e Calor de Hidratação
Water and other polar molecules are attracted to ions. The electrostatic attraction between an ion and a molecule with a dipole is called an…
Equilíbrio e Saturação de Soluções
Imagine adding a small amount of sugar to a glass of water, stirring until all the sugar has dissolved, and then adding a bit more. You can repeat…
Propriedade Físicas que Afectam a Solubilidade
Solutions of Gases in Liquids As for any solution, the solubility of a gas in a liquid is affected by the attractive intermolecular forces between…
Expressão da Concentração das Soluções
A solute is a component of a solution that is typically present at a much lower concentration than the solvent. Solute concentrations are often…
Descida da Pressão de Vapor
The equilibrium vapor pressure of a liquid is the pressure exerted by its gaseous phase when vaporization and condensation are occurring at equal…
Soluções Ideais
According to Raoult’s law, the partial vapor pressure of a solvent in a solution is equal or identical to the vapor pressure of the pure…
Depressão do Ponto de Solidificação e Elevação do Ponto de Ebulição
Boiling Point Elevation The boiling point of a liquid is the temperature at which its vapor pressure is equal to ambient atmospheric pressure. Since…
Osmose e Pressão Osmótica de Soluções
A number of natural and synthetic materials exhibit selective permeation, meaning that only molecules or ions of a certain size, shape, polarity,…
Eletrólitos: Factor de van't Hoff
Colligative Properties of Electrolytes The colligative properties of a solution depend only on the number, not on the identity, of solute species…
Coloides
Children at play often make suspensions such as mixtures of mud and water, flour and water, or a suspension of solid pigments in water known as…
Estudo da Adsorção de Peptídeo Curto em Solução Dispersa nanopartículas Inorgânicas Usando Método de Esgotamento
Fundamentals of inorganic-organic interactions are critically important in the discovery and development of novel biointerfaces amenable for…
Síntese e Caracterização de Supramoleculares Colloids
Control over colloidal assembly is of utmost importance for the development of functional colloidal materials with tailored structural and mechanical…
Formação de material de Silks de aranha recombinante através de solvação aquosa usando calor e pressão
Many spiders produce seven types of silks. Six of the silks are fiber in form when produced by the spiders. These fibers are not water soluble. In…

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