Robust Ligature-Induced Model of Murine Periodontitis for the Evaluation of Oral Neutrophils

This article has been accepted and is currently in production

Abstract

The main advantages of studying the pathophysiology of periodontal disease utilizing murine models are highlighted by the reduced cost of animals, array of genetically modified strains, the vast number of analyses that can be performed on harvested soft and hard tissues. However, many of these systems are subject to procedural criticisms. As an alternative, the ligature-induced model of periodontal disease, driven by the localized development and retention of a dysbiotic oral microbiome, can be employed, which is rapidly induced and relatively reliable. Unfortunately, the variants of ligature-induced murine periodontitis protocol are isolated to focal regions of the periodontium and subject to premature avulsion of the installed ligature. This minimizes the amount of tissue available for subsequent analyses and increases the number of animals required for the study. This protocol describes the precise manipulations required to place extended molar ligatures with improved retention and usage of a novel rinse protocol to recover oral neutrophils in mice with an alternative approach that mitigates the aforementioned technical challenges.