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Stem Cell Transplantation: The transfer of Stem cells from one individual to another within the same species (Transplantation, Homologous) or between species (Xenotransplantation), or transfer within the same individual (Transplantation, Autologous). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.

An Introduction to Stem Cell Biology

JoVE 5331

Cells that can differentiate into a variety of cell types, known as stem cells, are at the center of one of the most exciting fields of science today. Stem cell biologists are working to understand the basic mechanisms that regulate how these cells function. These researchers are also interested in harnessing the remarkable potential of stem cells to treat human diseases.

Here, JoVE presents an introduction to the captivating world of stem cell biology. We begin with a timeline of landmark studies, from the first experimental evidence for hematopoietic stem cells in the 1960s, to more recent breakthroughs like induced pluripotent stem cells. Next, key questions about stem cell biology are introduced, for example: How do these cells maintain their unique ability to undergo self-renewal? This is followed by a discussion of some prominent methods used to answer these questions. Finally, several experiments are presented to demonstrate the use of stem cells in regenerative medicine.


 Developmental Biology

Using the BLT Humanized Mouse as a Stem Cell based Gene Therapy Tumor Model

1Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology-Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 2UCLA AIDS Institute, 3Eli & Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA, 4Department of Medical and Molecular Pharmacology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 5Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

JoVE 4181


 Immunology and Infection

Magnetic-Activated Cell Sorting Strategies to Isolate and Purify Synovial Fluid-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells from a Rabbit Model

1Postgraduate institution, Guangzhou Medical University, 2Guangdong Provincial Research Center for Artificial Intelligence and Digital Orthopedic Technology, 3Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Tissue Engineering, Shenzhen Laboratory of Digital Orthopaedic Engineering, Shenzhen Second People's Hospital (The First Hospital Affiliated to Shenzhen University), 4Department of Chemistry, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 5Shenzhen Kangning Hospital, Shenzhen Mental Health Center

JoVE 57466


 Biology

Preparation and In Vitro Characterization of Magnetized miR-modified Endothelial Cells

1Reference and Translation Center for Cardiac Stem Cell Therapy (RTC), Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Rostock, 2Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, 3Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University Greifswald, 4Electron Microscopy Center, University of Rostock

JoVE 55567


 Medicine

Flow Cytometry-based Assay for the Monitoring of NK Cell Functions

1Childrens Hospital, Department of Pediatric Stem Cell Transplantation and Immunology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, 2LOEWE Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, 3Institute for Cancer Research, Department of Cancer Immunology, Oslo University Hospital, Radiumhospital, 4The KG Jebsen Center for Cancer Immunotherapy, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo

JoVE 54615


 Immunology and Infection

Comprehensive Protocol to Sample and Process Bone Marrow for Measuring Measurable Residual Disease and Leukemic Stem Cells in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

1Department of Hematology, VU University Medical Center, 2Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, VU University Medical Center, 3Janssen Research & Development, LLC, 4Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology

JoVE 56386


 Cancer Research

Three-dimensional Tissue Engineered Aligned Astrocyte Networks to Recapitulate Developmental Mechanisms and Facilitate Nervous System Regeneration

1Center for Brain Injury & Repair, Department of Neurosurgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 2Center for Neurotrauma, Neurodegeneration & Restoration, Michael J. Crescenz Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 3School of Biomedical Engineering, Drexel University, 4Department of Bioengineering, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, University of Pennsylvania, 5Neuroscience Graduate Group, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

JoVE 55848


 Bioengineering

Anatomically Inspired Three-dimensional Micro-tissue Engineered Neural Networks for Nervous System Reconstruction, Modulation, and Modeling

1Department of Bioengineering, School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Pennsylvania, 2Center for Brain Injury & Repair, Department of Neurosurgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3Center for Neurotrauma, Neurodegeneration & Restoration, Michael J. Crescenz Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 4School of Biomedical Engineering, Drexel University

JoVE 55609


 Neuroscience

Targeted and Selective Treatment of Pluripotent Stem Cell-derived Teratomas Using External Beam Radiation in a Small-animal Model

1Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, 2Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 3Medical Service, Cardiology Section, Veteran Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, 4Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 5Department of Radiology, Molecular Imaging Program, Stanford University School of Medicine, 6Peking University Shenzhen Health Science Institute, 7Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58115


 JoVE In-Press

Detection of Residual Donor Erythroid Progenitor Cells after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients with Hemoglobinopathies

1Department of Pediatrics, Medical University Innsbruck, 2Department of Internal Medicine V (Hematology & Oncology), Medical University Innsbruck, 3Tyrolean Cancer Research Institute, 4Department of Pediatrics, Medical University Graz

JoVE 56002


 Developmental Biology

Isolation and Characterization of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells from Human Umbilical Cord and Fetal Placenta

1Department of Biological Sciences, Oakland University, 2OU-WB Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. John Provindence - Providence Park Hospital, 4Department of Neurosurgery, Beaumont Health System

JoVE 55224


 Developmental Biology

ADSC-sheet Transplantation to Prevent Stricture after Extended Esophageal Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection

1Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Université Paris Descartes Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2Department of Gastroenterology, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, 3UMR-S970, Université Paris Descartes Sorbonne Paris Cité, 4Department of Pathology, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, 5Department of Radiology, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou

JoVE 55018


 Medicine

Induction of Alloantigen-specific Anergy in Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells by Alloantigen Stimulation with Co-stimulatory Signal Blockade

1Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, 2Department of Medicine, Brigham and Womens Hospital, 3Pediatric Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, 4Division of Hematology/Oncology, Children’s Hospital Boston

JoVE 2673


 Immunology and Infection

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